- 1 Post By PROESL
"those who listen" and "those listening"
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Can I say "those listening" in place of those who listen, and "those who listen" instead of those listening?
Re: "those who listen" and "those listening"
It would be grammatically correct to do so. However, by reducing the clause to a phrase, "listen" becomes "listening", which seems to convey the idea that the people you refer to in this sentence are listening now or at this moment. This is interesting because I don't think it often works out this way when it comes to reducing clauses to phrases. This is a good example of how mechanical grammar can be. I think a native speaker would avoid reducing this particular clause to a phrase quite naturally, and, of course, without even thinking about it. Most native speakers don't know what "reducing a clause to a phrase" means, anyway. So it's possible, but it seems to make the intended meaning somewhat unclear.
Originally Posted by Daruma
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