- For Teachers
This is a quick question that I have. We're studying reduced relative clauses, or contact clauses, in class. One activity has students make contact clauses. For example:
The boy smoking is Takeshi.
However, some students made statements like this:
The smoking boy is Takeshi.
I wanted to know if this was ok? Can you use the gerund of a verb to successfuly turn itself into an adjective, or does this only work with certain gerunds (e.g. boring).
Well, how about sleeping boy. Is it ok in this case, and we can treat gerunds on a case by case basis?
The boy sleeping is Takeshi.
The sleeping boy is Takeshi.
Are these both ok?
'Sleeping' is the present participal here:
The boy (who is) sleeping is Takeshi.
Takeshi is sleeping.
The sleeping boy is Takeshi. (participial adjective).
The following 'sleeping' is a gerund, a noun.
We have to do something about Takeshi's sleeping in class.
That's why I like the old gerund/ gerundive distinction.