Bioethical dilemmas are contemporary issues nowadays. One of the important dilemmas among these bioethical issues is buying and selling human organs for transplant. Nowadays the only way of transferring an organ from one person to another is donation. People are not allowed to buy or sell their organs for money. Buying an organ for transplant may be essential to save someone’s life. However, to receive a donated organ, people have to wait their turn on a
waiting list. Therefore, the
bioethical issue of buying and selling human organs for transplant is controversial due to the variation of opinions concerning this dilemma.
Many people agree with the idea of legislation concerning the
buying and selling of
human organs for transplant for a few reasons. First, supporters think that this procedure is beneficial for one who receives an organ because it helps to save his life. According to Levine (1999), beneficence, one of the bioethical principles, states that one should maximize possible benefits. Applying this principle to the
defender’s opinion, buying and selling human organs for transplant is beneficial, because transplantation helps save lives. Second, they point out that there is almost no harm to the donor, who
gives part of his organ without harm to the normal functioning of his organism. The
bioethical principle of beneficence also says that one must not do harm or evil (Levine, 1999). So this principle also has parallels with the
supporter’s opinion in that
no harm to a
donor and there are plenty of benefits to a patient.
Critics of the
bioethical issue of buying and selling human organs for transplant argue that this idea is totally unethical for a couple of reasons. Opponents say that buying and selling organs is unethical because it is not fair for those who cannot financially afford to buy
it. According to Levine (1999), justice, one of the bioethical principles, states that everybody should be treated equally. Applying this principle to the critics’ opinion, it is not equal that wealthy
people could buy an organ and those who do
not have enough money would have to wait their turn on a
waiting list. Moreover, they point out that legalization of the
organ trade would cause murder to be
committed for selling victims'
organs. Opponents also say that there is harm to the
donor when he/she gives out part of his/her organ. The b
ioethical principle of beneficence says that one must not do harm or evil (Levine, 1999). Applying this principle to opponents’ opinion, the
donor who gives his organ will definitely suffer. For example if the
one of his kidneys
the entire load comes on the remaining
kidney, which can cause rapid wear and failure.