- 1 Post By 5jj
Quote from VOA:
"Their name is long but precise: The UN Principles for Housing and Property Restitution for Refugees and IDPs. Relief groups and lawyers know them as the Pinheiro Principles, named for Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, the author of a study that assembled the guidelines and a former UN sub-commission special rapporteur on housing and property restitution.
Chris Huggins, the director of the consulting firm called Land Conflict Research in Ottawa, Canada, said the Pinheiro Principles bring with them recommendations and standards relating to the restitution of refugee lands.
"[The principles interact] with existing guidelines and international frameworks," he said. "[They are] not what we call 'hard law' so [they] don't necessarily represent a legal obligation by governments or the UNHCR, but in certain parts of the world, they have been used to interpret existing treaties or agreements."
They include the African Commission on Human and People's Rights. It relied on the Pinheiro Principles when deciding a recent lawsuit against the Government of Sudan for abuses against the internally displaced in Darfur. The commission found that Khartoum had "failed to show it refrained from forced eviction or the demolition of houses and other property" from Janjaweed militia.
The African Commission's ruling calls on the Government of Sudan to provide conditions for the safe return of IDPs and refugees and to establish "a National Reconciliation Forum that would, among others, resolve issues of land, grazing and water rights...."
They also protect secondary occupants, who have settled on refugee property, from arbitrary eviction and encourage governments to find a remedy to their claims to property as well.
The Pinheiro Principles are also part of the tripartite agreements signed between the UNHCR, the country of origin and the host country, which cannot arbitrarily deport them.
my questions are:
1.I assume "they" refers to "principles", and "African Commission on Human and People's Rights " is an orginization, how can principles include an orginization?
2.What's the good of using quotation marks in this sentence?And what does "from Janjaweed militia" refer to? Does it mean houses and other property are from Janjaweed militia?
3.What's the difference betwwen "arbitrary eviction" and "forced eviction"?
4.What does" which" refer to? and what does "them" refer to?
Re: arbitrary eviction
Originally Posted by masterding
Context is important. Please provide enough for us to be able to deal effectively with your question.
Your thread title should include all or part of the word/phrase being discussed.
If you just want to know the meaning of a word, try OneLook Dictionary Search first.
Re: arbitrary eviction
4. Is it again sloppy writting?
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