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## Tenses

Suppose Jeff was born on 1/1/1982. At the present time, he could be either dead or alive:

"If he is alive today, he is 30 years old."
"If he is alive today, he will be 30 years old."
"If he is alive today, he would be 30 years old."

Which is standard English?

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## Re: Tenses

Originally Posted by SerenaBlues
Suppose Jeff was born on 1/1/1982. At the present time, he could be either dead or alive:

"If he is alive today, he is 30 years old." No.
"If he is alive today, he will be 30 years old." No.
"If he is were alive today, he would be 30 years old."

Which is standard English?
b.

3. ## Re: Tenses

Originally Posted by SerenaBlues
Suppose Jeff was born on 1/1/1982. At the present time, he could be either dead or alive:

"If he is alive today, he is 30 years old."
"If he is alive today, he will be 30 years old."
"If he is alive today, he would be 30 years old."

Which is standard English?
I agree with billmcd that "If he were alive today, he would be 30" is correct.
I would not use #2.
I am going to make a case for #1. "Jeff was born on 1/1/82. I think he's dead but I'm not quite sure. If he is alive today, [then] he is 30 years old."

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## Re: Tenses

Originally Posted by emsr2d2
I agree with billmcd that "If he were alive today, he would be 30" is correct.
I would not use #2.
I am going to make a case for #1. "Jeff was born on 1/1/82. I think he's dead but I'm not quite sure. If he is alive today, [then] he is 30 years old."
Yes, I neglected to consider the possibilty that #1 could be used in that context.

5. ## Re: Tenses

I see nothing wrong with #2:

"If he is alive today, he will be 30 years old."

The speaker is expressing the certainty of his age (if he is alive). In #1, the speaker is stating the fact of his age (if he is alive).

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