Re: have time or the time
In addition to SoothingDave's excellent and concise reply, I would like to point out that if you change the sentence as follows, you have to include "the":
Originally Posted by Will17
"I couldn't inform you, because I didn't have the time."
If you left out "the" in the previous sentence, it would mean you had no time at all, because "time" is not qualified by anything. But, in your original sentence, "time" is qualified by "to inform you"; "time" doesn't need qualification by "the", because it's qualified by "to inform".
A better example to deal with this question:
A: I'll sell you a car for $ 2000.
B: I'm sorry, but I don't have the money.
This does NOT mean that B has no money at all; he just doesn't have the (amount of) money asked for.
I hope this helps.
PS: Credit goes to Raymott, for I learned this from him.
Dear native English speakers of this forum,
Please, always point out my grammatical mistakes, assuming you have "the time and the inclination". :-) That is really the most effective way for me to improve. Thank you very much.
Please note, also, that I am NOT an English teacher.