1) We do not say "too stuck". The door is stuck or it's not. I also find it very unlikely that you could break a whole door into pieces on your own simply by trying to open it. The first part of the sentence says that you did manage to open it. Did you break it or did you open it?
2) The same point applies about breaking a door into pieces. You do not need a hyphen after "door".
I would suggest something like "The door was stuck and it broke when I tried to open it."
- For Teachers