Re: Finite/non-finite verbs
Sorry guys, more help required, regarding verbs, more hand writing analysed and I am so just not grasping this any chance of help confirming finite/non-finite verbs please ???
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In your fine dressing room you have a goodie bag
All the games that you could imagine
There is also a health farm, not that you need it
We also have natural hot springs
If you are interested in this once in a life time opportunity then call us on 0121 45678910
And is it right you guys are from USA ?? Wow !!!! And finally, England will whap the French sunday in the rugby, if not I'll eat my hand writing assignment !!! Tilly x
Re: Finite/non-finite verbs
The term 'finite verb' refers to the verb of a sentence (clause). Finite verbs show tense (Present, Past, Future) as well as agreement in number (singular/plural) and person (I/you/he/she etc.) with the subject.
1. He walks. (finite verb)
==>'walks' is a finite verb.
==> '-s' shows tense (Present) as well as person (3rd) and number (singular) agreement.
==> If we take away "-s", the resulting form "walk" becomes non-finite: no agreement. The term non-finite means no agreement.
The term 'non-finite verb' refers to a word that looks like a verb but does not show agreement in person or number with the subject. Non-finite verbs act as subjects and objects. There are three kinds of non-finites:
1) participles (i.e. adjectives that end in -ed or -ing),
2) gerunds (i.e. nouns that end in -ing) and
3) infinitive (i.e. verbs that begin with "to").
2. He is walking. (Present participle)
==> 'walking' is non-finite.
==> 'is' is finite, the verb.
==> 'is' changes form: He is walking, I am walking, You are walking. 'is, am, are' are finite.
==> 'walking' doesn't change form; 'walking' is non-finite.
==> "-ing" words that are part of the verb BE (is, am, are) are called Present participles.
==> Think of non-finite as no change, and finite as change.
3. She likes walking. (Present participle, gerund)
==> 'likes' is the main verb. It's finite. It shows tense and agreement.
==> 'walking' is not a verb at all here. It's a noun. She likes doing THIS THING.
==> 'walking' is called a Present participle. Present because it has '-ing', and participle because it's non-finite: it doesn't act as a verb. It acts as a noun: 'walking' refers to a THING we like to do; it's a noun.
==> "-ing" words are called Present participles, and when they function as THINGS they are called gerunds. In other words, the term gerund refers to a word's function (it acts as a noun) and the term Present participle refers to a word's form, shape (it ends in -ing).
5. He has a walking stick. (Present participle, adjective)
==> 'walking' is non-finite. "has" is finite. It's the verb.
==> 'walking' tells us what kind of stick. It modifies the noun 'suit'. It's an adjective.
==> "-ing" words that act as adjectives are called Present participles. That is, function = adjective, Form = Present participle.
4. He fixed the embedded window. (Past Participle, adjective)
==> Both 'fixed' and 'embedded' end in the Past tense suffix "-ed". 'fixed' is the verb, though, because it's closer to the subject. In English, the verb is always close to the subject.
==> 'embedded' is too far away from the subject to be a verb.
==> 'embedded' ends in "-ed", a Past tense suffix, but that doesn't mean it's a verb. There can only be one finite verb per sentence (clause) and 'fixed' has taken that role.
==> 'embedded' is close to the noun 'window'. It's an adjective, modifying "window". It tells us what kind of window.
==> 'embedded' is called a Past participle. Past because it ends in "-ed" and participle because it's non-finite: it's an adjective. It doesn't act as a verb.
There are two kinds of participles:
Present participles end in -ing.
==> they function as part of BE, as adjectives and as nouns.
Past participles end in -ed/-en.
==> they function as part of HAVE and as adjectives.
If you can change the word that looks like a verb, you know it's finite:
I swim, you swim, he swims (swim(s) is finite)
to be, to is, to are (can't change 'be'. 'to be' is non-finite)
If there are two verbals, the word closest to the subject, is finite.
I want to talk to you. ('want' is finite. It's closest to the subject)
If the word that looks like a verb begins with "to", then it's non-finite:
To eat that cake would be bad for your health.
Note, the imperative (i.e. command verbs):
==> The subject is "You", but it has been omitted.
==> "You come here".
==> "come" is finite.
==> There has to be at leat one finite verb in every sentence (clause) in English.