Nominative absolute phrase
Is it grammatically legitimate to view a nominative absolute as an object of an understood preposition modified by a participial phrase?
High heels clattering on the pavement, the angry women marched toward the mayor's office.
Object of an understood preposition......
(With) their high heels clattering on the pavement, the angry woman marched toward the mayor's office.
The nominative absolute phrase consists of a noun "subject", a participle, and any modifiers that accompany the participle. Unlike other phrases, absolute phrases modify entire clauses.
We teach our students that phrases are word groups that do not have subjects and verbs. We also say that phrases function as single parts of speech. If this is true, do we have adverbial nominative absolute phrases? Do noun absolute phrases exist? What about adjective absolute phrases?
I am prone to consider the preposition with as an inherent element of an absolute phrase. Granted, the with preposition would always be understood much like the understood preposition featured in an adverbial objective.
I believe absolute phrases exist. I am just not totally convinced that they are anything other than participial phrases that modify objects of understood prepositions. When I view absolute phrases from this perspective, they make perfect sense to me and share the grammatical properties of other phrases.