That's what I think is true.
- For Teachers
I am in Being ("in Beijing" = adverb phrase = predicate adverb)
He is a student (predicate noun)
You were with them ("with them" = adverb phrase = predicate adverb)
He is somebody (predicate pronoun) that I know.
That's what I think is true.
But not a subject complement, right? Because those are nominal, and which leads to this question: why can't next be a preposition here, Who is next? (aside from what's obvious: it doesn't have an object, but particle prepositions can occur without an object in phrasal verbs, right? They're often called adverbial in that position, though, to account for it.)
That is, non-linking forms of the verb BE take adverbs in the predicate, but the form and function of those adverbs aren't always the same. For example,
She's in the house.Form: prepositional phrase <nominal>Function: adverbial <tells us where>So, given that adverbs give off this kind of duality, why couldn't next in Who's next? be a preposition in form, that is, be nominal and thereby privy to the category "subject complement"? Why is it called a predicate adverb?
In short, why does the verb BE have to be split into linking and non-linking kinds?
What's the difference in meaning here?
Adverb: The person is next => Adjective: the next person
Adjective: the next person => Adverb: The person is next.
Me, too, Justin. Me, too.
I don't sell Reader's Digest but the dictionary is worth the fairly stiff price, though it does contain very few errors (but many less well-researched or authored dictionaries do contain not a small number of sometimes even fundamental errors, including website dictionaries).
I've never heard of a predicate adverb, I'm afraid. All I know about the verb be is as follows:
be [linking (copular) verb]
My boss is always late. - the predicate adjective (late) modifying the subject (my boss)
be [intransitive verb taking an adverbial]
The leaves are everywhere. - everywhere doesn't modify the subject (the leaves) since it is an adverb here, and it's only adverbs, as far as I know, that can modify verbs, not adjectives
The point is that there are two different verbs of be, and you mixed them up, I guess.
By usage (or function), there are:
(a) Noun phrases (including appositives and complements);
(b) Adjective phrases;
(c) Adverb phrases.
By construction (or form), there are:
(a) Absolute phrases, consisting of nouns only (one or more), and their modifiers (adjectives modifying nouns, and adverbs modifying adjectives) if any;
(b) Phrases headed by a Preposition;
(c) Phrases starting with an Infinitive preceded by to (often also preceded by a pronoun or adverb, such as what, which, who, whom, whose, when, where, how, why);
(d) Phrases starting with a Continuous Participle or Perfect Participle (sometimes preceded by a noun, pronoun, or adverb)
This shop sells branded labels (noun phrase)
Birds of a feather flock together (adjective phrase)
Don't let it get under your skin (adverb phrase)
Branded labels are sold here (absolute phrase)
Falling leaves drift by the window (absolute phrase, falling = adjective)
Birds of a feather flock together (preposition phrase)
He rushed to go to the movies (infinitive phrase)
Doing nothing can be very boring (participle phrase)
Shoes made in China are fairly good (participle phrase)
Combining usage + construction:
A broken window invites thieves (subject = noun/absolute phrase)
We consider her the best student (complement = noun/absolute phrase, NOT adjective)
He reminded us of our duty (complement = noun/preposition phrase)
I'm thinking about whom to call (complement = noun/preposition phrase)
He wants to start a business (object = noun/infinitive phrase)
When to begin is the question (subject = noun/infinitive phrase)
Teach them how to do this (object = noun/infinitive phrase)
Tell me what to cook (object = noun/infinitive phrase)
Lazing about has its merits (subject = noun/participle phrase)
Always sleeping well keeps you fit (subject = noun/participle phrase)
They'd like having a try at this (object = noun/participle phrase)
Haier, a Chinese brand, sells well (adjective/absolute phrase)
A careful person, she spends little (adjective/absolute phrase)
Birds with singing voices cost a lot (adjective/preposition phrase)
The boy in the loud shirt is crying (adjective/preposition phrase)
Beer from Qingdao is good (adjective/preposition phrase)
His support for our cause is steadfast (adjective/preposition phrase)
The girls at our school are snooty (adjective/preposition phrase)
The law to fight waste was passed (adjective/infinitive phrase)
His call to close ranks went unheeded (adjective/infinitive phrase)
Taken aback, the thief ran off (adjective/participle phrase)
Looking pleased, he sat down (adjective/participle phrase)
He likes his steak well done (adjective/participle phrase)
Plants tended with care grow well (adjective/participle phrase)
They returned on the last flight (adverb/preposition phrase)
She went to the grocers nearby (adverb/preposition phrase)
She's good at doing housework (adverb/preposition phrase)
He was loaded with tons of work (adverb/preposition phrase)
We are going for a stroll (adverb/preposition phrase)
I went to meet him for lunch (adverb/infinitive phrase)
He's lucky to have rich parents (adverb/infinitive phrase)