Re: sentence transformation
I agree with TDOL, if it was here choice not to go. That is not entirely clear to me, however.
Originally Posted by hela
2. I don’t like them at all. It is better if you do not go with them.
a) I don’t like them at all so I would rather you did not go with them.
b) I don’t like them at all so I advise you not to go with them. (possible ?)
c) I don’t like them at all so I would prefer you not go with them. (?)
A and B ar OK. C would be better if there were a "that" after prefer or if the ending were "prefer your not going with them".
For me, the choice of the verb tense for gets/got cold would depend on whether that night is in the past or the future. If it is already past, I would use "got cold". If the evening is in the future, I would choose "gets cold". It is clear that the telling is in the past. It is not clear about the nights. I would choose bring over take because of the "with me" part.
3. “Bring a sweater with you in case it gets cold at night.”
a) She told me to bring / take a sweater with me in case it gets ? / got / should get cold at night.
b) She told me I should bring / I must bring (different mng?) a sweater with me in case it gets ? / got / should get cold at night. (Is it to true that when we have an imperative in direct speech, it should be transformed in the infinitive in indirect speech and nothing else?)
c) She told me to bring / take a sweater with me for fear that it gets ? / got / should get cold at night. (first, is this construction correct? Second, it is a different wording from the initial stce, therefore it's wrong?)
a. She told me to bring a sweater with me in case it got/gets cold at night.
b. She told me I should bring a sweater with me in case it got/gets cold at night.
c. "For fear that" usually takes the subjunctive. "For fear that it get cold at night". I would not use the past tense here.
I prefer "Do you have" for these types of questions. That may be AE bias.
4. “Have you got any free time next week?” Mandy asked.
Mandy asked me if / whether I had got / I had ? any free time the following week.
Mandy asked me if I had/would have any free time....
Yes. Both tenses are fine.
5. “I’ll have to take out this tooth,” the dentist said.
a) The dentist said that he will / would have to take out the tooth.
b) The dentist said that I will / would have to have the tooth taken out. (causative)
(Is it possible to keep the verb in the future event though the reporting verb is in the past in the causative form?)
6. “I’ll be arriving tomorrow morning,” Jamie said.
a) Jamie sait that she would be arriving the following/next morning.
b) Jamie said that he/she will be arriving tomorrow morning.
(here if we keep the verb in the future, the reporting verb must be in the present and not in the past?)
Thank you again.
b. yes, if the report is made the same day as the statement.
No, not exactly. There is a difference between reported speech that happens during or soon after the quote and that which happens hours to days after the quote.
If Jamie is still on the phone, we could use the present or past tense for the reporting verb.
Jamie says that she is coming/will be coming tomorrow.
Jamie said that she is coming/will be coming tomorrow.
If the reported just finished the conversation and then reported it, the same would be likely.
As more time passes (not an absolute amout of time), it becomes more likely that the reporting verb will be in the past tense. Even at that, the expressiion of the coming may continue in the future tense/present progressive.