Re: is or are?
I have to disagree. There really isn't anyway to turn "some of", "all of", "none of" etc., into adverbials. What verb would they be modifying. Where is the subject of the sentence?
Originally Posted by A.Russell
You can use the plural verb if you like, but "none" is the subject of the sentence whether you like it or not. If none is not the subject, what is the subject?
Even you take "none" as the subject of the sentence, I would say "none are" not "none is." (Do you say "some is" or "all is"?) Also, I don't like like the idea of taking "none" as the subject, since what there are none of is implied:
None (of the letters) are open.
The usage of "none", "each" and "either" is different from the usage of "some", and "all".
I do say "some is" and "all is" depending on the meaning. I will bet that you do too.
Some of the cakes are missing.
Some of the cake is missing.
All of the milk is gone.
All of the cakes are missing.
All of the cake is gone.
You are correct about some, all, and any deriving their number from the object of a preposition. That is standard, as the examples above demonstrate. Traditionally, that has not been true of each, either, neither, and none.
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