1. Newbie
Join Date
Dec 2007
Posts
24

## model auxiliary

model auxiliary
Am I correct?

have to or must

1-It is the first term exam,students have to bring copybooks in the examination room.
2-you mustn't drive fast;there is speed limit here.
3-we haven't climb any higher;we can see very well from here.
4-waiters have to pay tax on the tips that they receive.
5-in my district there is no gas laid on.People must use electricity for everything.

might or may

1-warning:no part of this book might he reproduced without the publisher's permission.
2-he has refused,but he might change his mind if you asked him again.
3-Tow parallel white lines in the middle of the road mean that youmay not overcome.
4-we'd better be early;there may be a crowd.

could or be able to or can

1-
i was able to do it when I was at school but I couldn't now.
2-when the fog lifts we cansee where we are.

2. Key Member
Join Date
Apr 2008
Posts
1,573

## Re: model auxiliary

..........
Originally Posted by aicha84
model auxiliary
Am I correct?

have to or must

1-It is the first term exam,students have to bring copybooks in the examination room.
2-you mustn't drive fast;there is speed limit here.
3-we don't have to climb any higher;we can see very well from here.
4-waiters have to pay tax on the tips that they receive.
5-in my district there is no gas laid on.People [B]have to[/B] use electricity for everything.

might or may

1-warning:no part of this book [B]may[/B] be reproduced without the publisher's permission.
2-he has refused,but he might change his mind if you asked him again.
3-Tow parallel white lines in the middle of the road mean that youmay not overcome.
4-we'd better be early;there may be a crowd.

could or be able to or can

1-
i could do it when I was at school but I [U]can't[/U] now.
2-when the fog lifts we will be able to see where we are.

3. ## Re: model auxiliary

have to or must

1-As this is a first-term exam,students will have to bring copybooks to the examination room.
2-you mustn't drive fast;there is speed limit here.
3-we won't have to climb any higher;we can see very well from here.
4-waiters have to pay tax on the tips that they receive.
5-in my district there is no gas laid on.People have to use electricity for everything.

might or may

1-warning:no part of this book may reproduced without the publisher's permission.
2-he has refused,but he might change his mind if you asked him again.
3-Two parallel white lines in the middle of the road mean that you may not overtake..
4-we'd better be early;there may/might be a crowd.

could or be able to or can

1-I
was able to do it when I was at school but I couldn't do it now.
2-when the fog lifts we 'll be able to see where we are.
Last edited by beascarpetta; 05-Jun-2008 at 16:10.

4. Key Member
Join Date
Apr 2008
Posts
1,573

## Re: model auxiliary

HI bea,
Why 'must' in #5? Isn't it necessity imposed by the circumstances? Also an action against one's will?

5. ## Re: model auxiliary

Originally Posted by Clark
HI bea,
Why 'must' in #5? Isn't it necessity imposed by the circumstances? Also an action against one's will?
sorry, Clark , I was so overcome by the word "overcome" I simply overlooked this
(which is simply unacceptable for anyone in our profession , I know )
still , I'll pay more attention from now on -cross my heart and hope to die

6. Key Member
Join Date
Apr 2008
Posts
1,573

## Re: model auxiliary

Originally Posted by beascarpetta
sorry, Clark , I was so overcome by the word "overcome" I simply overlooked this
(which is simply unacceptable for anyone in our profession , I know )
still , I'll pay more attention from now on -cross my heart and hope to die
If you think it really helps, I'll do the same.

7. Banned
Join Date
Aug 2006
Posts
3,064

## Re: model auxiliary

Originally Posted by aicha84
model auxiliary
Am I correct?

[B]have to or must

2-you mustn't drive fast;there is speed limit here.

Or, "can't drive fast here; there is a speed limit". can't = not allowed to. <mustn't> sounds odd for NaE, like it's a personal admonishment. I'd say that <can't> would be a more natural choice.

4-waiters have to/must pay tax on the tips that they receive.

Using 'must' makes it sound more official and that likely would be the choice in regulations/tax info in a formal written sense. 'have to' is definitely the more common choice for speech.

5-in my district there is no gas [laid on]. People must use electricity for everything.

'have to' is definitely the more common choice for speech but 'must' is a possibility.

might or may

1-warning:no part of this book might he reproduced without the publisher's permission.

'might' is also used for permission but not for the sense of prohibition.

3-Two parallel white lines in the middle of the road mean that youmay not [overcome] pass.

I think that for NaE, the tendency would be to use <can't/not allowed to> here.

could or be able to or can

1-
I was able to/could do it when I was [at] in school but I couldn't/can't now.

Both <can't> and <couldn't> would work here. The former looks to a greater reality, for example, maybe someone is challenging you to try it now. The latter speaks more to a theoretical sense, the speaker is saying that such an idea is not even being entertained.

2-when the fog lifts we can/will be able tosee where we are.
Both <can> and <will be able to> seem to be possible.

#### Posting Permissions

• You may not post new threads
• You may not post replies
• You may not post attachments
• You may not edit your posts
•

Search Engine Optimization by vBSEO 3.6.1