1. What is a phoneme?
phoneme2. Is it right to say that there are 44 sounds in English? How many vowels and consonants are there?
- a difference in sound that makes a difference in meaning. A phoneme is abstract concept or category - you cannot see, touch, or hear a phoneme but you can point to instances. Where English speakers distinguish the phonemes /l/ and /r/; e.g., [lid] [rid], speakers of other languages may hear only one. [r] is not distinct from [l] in Japanese. Spelling Society : How many phonemes?
4. How many are the phonectic symbols?
Longman's pronunciation dictionary recognizes 45 (21v-24c) [www.awl-elt.com]
. Longman's recognizes schwa but merges (a: and o). The combinations [hw] and [yu:] are not singled out. Five of the phonemes are r-combinations. If these are eliminated, the number of significant phonemes is reduced to 40. http://www.fortunecity.com/victorian.../fonim-inv.htm
5. What is the difference between /t/ and (t)?
/.../ used to represent phonemes
[...] used to represent sounds
(...) and <...> are used to represent letters
The word box is comprised of three letters and four sounds:
[b], [a], [k], [s]
The letter is pronounced [ks], with two sounds.