# Thread: "If" vs "in case (of)"

1. RJ021 Guest

## "If" vs "in case (of)"

There is any difference when to use "if" and "in case (of)"?

2. ## Re: "If" vs "in case (of)"

Originally Posted by RJ021
There is any difference when to use "if" and "in case (of)"?
There is, actually.
If introduces a condition; in case introduces a possibility:
I will take an umbrella if it rains. (only if there's rain, I'll take an umbrella; otherwise, I won't)
I will take an umbrella in case it rains. (whether or not there's rain, I'll take an umbrella)

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## Re: "If" vs "in case (of)"

Don't confuse 'in case' and 'in case of'.

'in case' means (taking an umbrella) as a safeguard against something happening, or being true.

'in case of' means 'in the event that something DOES happen:
"In case of fire, do not use elevators."

4. ## Re: "If" vs "in case (of)"

Originally Posted by David L.
Don't confuse 'in case' and 'in case of'.

'in case' means (taking an umbrella) as a safeguard against something happening, or being true.

'in case of' means 'in the event that something DOES happen:
"In case of fire, do not use elevators."
David, I can't see any confusion there
I'll take an umbrella in case of rain. = I'll take an umbrella in case it rains/in case there's rain.

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## Re: "If" vs "in case (of)"

Originally Posted by engee30
I'll take an umbrella in case of rain. = I'll take an umbrella in case it rains/in case there's rain.
They do not mean the same thing, eng.

In the first sentence, your taking an umbrella is dependent upon whether it will rain or not.
By contrast, the second sentence is independent in this respect; it implies a measure taken (taking an umbrella) beforehand to prevent harm (getting wet).
Last edited by svartnik; 12-May-2009 at 03:22.

6. ## Re: "If" vs "in case (of)"

Originally Posted by svartnik
They do not mean the same thing, eng.
But only when you compare the two:
In case of fire, do not use elevators. (ie In the event of fire, that is to say when this happens, do not use elevators).
vs
I'll take an umbrellan in case of rain. (ie I'll take an umbrella whatever the weather).

As I said earlier on, I'll take an umbrella in case of rain and I'll take an umbrella in case it rains/in case there's rain mean the same thing.

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## Re: "If" vs "in case (of)"

Originally Posted by engee30
But only when you compare the two:
The word "same" implies comparison.

Originally Posted by engee30
As I said earlier on, I'll take an umbrella in case of rain and I'll take an umbrella in case it rains/in case there's rain mean the same thing.

You are drawing invalid comparison here, if you ask me.

In case of fire, do not use the elevator - it means when the house is already burning, do not go that way.
By analogy,
I will take an umbrella in case of rain means your taking of an umbrella is contingent on the weather; your taking an umbrella is dependent on the fulfillment of a condition: that it it will rain.
I will take an umbrella in case of rain suggests condition similarly to the sentence with "if" in place of "in case of".
I will take an umbrella in case it rains is independent of any condition; your taking an umbrella has been already decided.

8. ## Re: "If" vs "in case (of)"

Originally Posted by svartnik
The word "same" implies comparison.

You are drawing invalid comparison here, if you ask me.

In case of fire, do not use the elevator - it means when the house is already burning, do not go that way.
I'm afraid to say, you're dead wrong about it, Svartnik. And so is David L., if he still insists on disagreeing with me.

Originally Posted by svartnik
By analogy,
I will take an umbrella in case of rain means your taking of an umbrella is contingent on the weather; your taking an umbrella is dependent on the fulfillment of a condition, that it it will rain. no
I will take an umbrella in case of rain suggests condition similarly to the sentence with "if". no; in case and if are absolutely different
I will take an umbrella in case it rains is independent of any condition; your taking an umbrella has been already decided. yes; and that's why you can't substitute in case for if in such a case

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## Re: "If" vs "in case (of)"

Originally Posted by engee30
I'm afraid to say, you're dead wrong about it, Svartnik. And so is David L., if he still insists on disagreeing with me.
This argument won you the debate

I will take my umbrella in case of rain.
What does it mean?
I will wait and see whether it will rain in the future, at the time, say, I will have to leave home for concert. If it will rain that time, I will take an umbrella, but if it will not, I will go to the concert without an umbrella.

I will take an umbrella in case it rains.
It means I am precautious, so I will take an umbrella with me to avoid possibly getting wet.

10. ## Re: "If" vs "in case (of)"

Originally Posted by svartnik
This argument won you the debate
It did, did it?

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