I would like to know an easier way to explain the difference between Borrow and lend, because itīs very difficult to me to explain it, when the teacher asks me why am I using borrow instead of lend. I know that borrow needs an object, that answer the question what and lend needs an indirect object + a direct object that answers who, But When I try to do it I get lost.
Re: Miss Adelina
You borrow something from somebody, but lend something to somebody.
When you borrow, you are the receiver, for example
I did not have any money, so I had to borrow $50 from my brother.
When you lend, you are the giver and someone else is the receiver, for example
My brother did not have any money, so I lent him $50.
Another example, combining the two:
I borrowed a book from the library and then I lent it to my friend for a day.
Hope it hepls,
Re: Miss Adelina
As additional information,
Originally Posted by aguilerava
When you bring your hands towards yourself, you borrow.
When you send your hands outwards, away from yourself, you lend.
EX: I'd like to borrow your pencil. (hands in, towards yourself) <=take
EX: I'd like to lend you my book. (hands out, away from yourself) => give
If the object doesn't belong to you, it's borrowed.
EX: I borrowed this pencil from Max. It's a borrowed pencil.
If the object belongs to you, but it's missing, it's lent out.
EX: I don't have my book. I lent (gave) it to Max. Max borrowed (took) it. It's lent out.
Lastly, to thank someone use,
EX: I borrowed (took) this. Thank you for lending (giving) it to me.
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