Who is to blame for Macbeth's downfall?
Macbeth, Lady Macbeth and the three witches are all to blame for the tragedy that is “Macbeth”, Lady Macbeth through convincing Macbeth, Macbeth for following his ambition more than his conscience and the three witches for putting the idea of being king in Macbeth’s head.
Lady Macbeth is to blame for the tragedy because she convinces and manipulates Macbeth into killing Duncan. She convinces and manipulates Macbeth into killing Duncan by insulting his manliness which Macbeth takes great insult in and telling him she would “[dash] the brains out” of her newborn babe if he asked. Lady Macbeth does all of this because of her greed for power, she knows that she has the ability to control Macbeth and Macbeth being king would allow her to have control over the king and be Queen herself. This shows that without lady Macbeth Macbeth wouldn’t have killed Duncan and there wouldn’t have been a tragedy.
Macbeth is also to blame for the tragedy of the play because without him being so ambitious and narrow sighted the play wouldn’t have turned out as it did. Macbeth was having concerns for killing Duncan and at once point even says “Proceed no further in this business” but his “vaulting ambition” gets the better of him. Macbeth is to blame for what happens after he kills Duncan, without him seeing the ghost of Banquo and shouting it out and also without him overreacting at Duncan’s death there would have been little suspicion of his involvement with the murder, without Macbeth’s ambition and conscience the play wouldn’t have taken the path it did.
Without the three witches intervention Macbeth would he never murdered Duncan. The witches could be considered evil because one of them murders an innocent sailor just because his wife didn’t give the witch a chestnut and the other witches help plot against the sailor by saying “I’ll give the a wind… And I another”, this means that when they spoke to Macbeth they knew he was going to cause all of the chaos that he did. The witches tell Macbeth that he will be king and this is how he comes up with the first idea to kill Duncan which penultimately leads to his death.
In conclusion without Lady Macbeth convincing Macbeth, the three witches putting the idea in Macbeths head and Macbeth actually killing or giving the order to kill the people the tragedy would never have happened and the play wouldn’t have taken the same path as it did.
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