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  1. #1
    ARUK2008 is offline Junior Member
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    Question Reduced Relative Clauses 2

    I posted a few days ago a thread related to relative clauses. I got some good answers but still cannot get the "rules" that stand for this topic.

    I tried to figure it out myself and this is what I got:

    The man who lived with a witch. (SIMPLE PAST)
    The man livING with a witch.

    The song that was written for her. (PASSIVE VOICE)
    The song written for her.

    The girl who is standing there. (PRESENT CONTINUOUS)
    The girl standING there.

    Simple past: present participle
    Passive voice: past participle
    Present continuous: present participle.

    Am I right?

  2. #2
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    Raymott is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Reduced Relative Clauses 2

    Quote Originally Posted by ARUK2008 View Post
    I posted a few days ago a thread related to relative clauses. I got some good answers but still cannot get the "rules" that stand for this topic.

    I tried to figure it out myself and this is what I got:

    The man who lived with a witch. (SIMPLE PAST)
    The man livING with a witch.

    The song that was written for her. (PASSIVE VOICE)
    The song written for her.

    The girl who is standing there. (PRESENT CONTINUOUS)
    The girl standING there.

    Simple past: present participle
    Passive voice: past participle
    Present continuous: present participle.

    Am I right?
    Yes, that's good.

    The simple present and future have the same form as the simple past and the present continuous in the reduced clause:
    The man who lives with the witch ... (Simple Present)
    The man living with the witch does her shopping

    The man who lived with the witch. (SIMPLE PAST)
    The man living with the witch did her shopping.

    The maid who will be living them will do their shopping (Future)
    The maid living with them will do their shopping.
    (But you'll note the ambiguity here).

    You'd only know the tense once you'd finished the sentence.
    So, there are only two actual forms you've used so far; one using the present participle 'living' in your example, and the other using the past participle - 'written'.

    There are other cases where the relative clause can be reduced, involving simply deleting the relative pronoun. But you probably know this.
    The woman who I love is already married.
    The woman I love is already married.

    Also, see here:
    Reduced Relative Clauses
    Reduced Relative Clauses
    Reduced relative clause - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Free English Study, speaking, listening, grammar lessons, reading, writing, vocabulary - Reduced Relative Clauses

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