Results 1 to 5 of 5
  1. #1
    anupumh's Avatar
    anupumh is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Hindi
      • Home Country:
      • India
      • Current Location:
      • India
    Join Date
    Jul 2009
    Posts
    1,110
    Post Thanks / Like

    Thumbs up Difference Between Hindi and English Language

    This article lists various levels of differences between Hindi and English.

    Alphabet: The Devangari script employed by Hindi contains both vowels (10) and consonants (40) and is characterized by bars on top of the symbols. Hindi is highly phonetic; i.e. the pronunciation of new words can be reliably predicted from their written form. This is in strong contrast to English, with the result that Hindi learners may struggle with English spelling. Conversely, they may mispronounce words that they first encounter in writing.

    Phonology: In comparison with English Hindi has approximately half as many vowels and twice as many consonants. This leads to several problems of pronunciation. One difficulty is distinguishing phonemes in words such as said / sad; par / paw; vet / wet, etc. Words containing the letters th (this, thing, months) will cause Hindi learners the same kind of problems that they cause most other learners of English. The phoneme // as exemplified by the s in pleasure is missing in Hindi and so pronunciation of such words is difficult. Consonants clusters at the beginning or end of words are more common in English than Hindi. This leads to errors in the pronunciation of words such as straight (istraight), fly (faly), film (filam).
    Compared to English Hindi has weak but predictable word stress. Learners therefore have considerable difficulty with the irregular stress patterns of words such as photograph / photographer. Hindi learners are disinclined to 'swallow' unstressed syllables such as the first syllables in the words tomorrow, intelligent, remember, etc., and will often try to clearly articulate short, common words that are usually weakly stressed in English: has, and, was, to, etc.
    English, of course, is prevalent in India, and for this reason Hindi learners may well be extremely fluent. Nevertheless, native-English speakers often have difficulties understanding them because of the combination of the pronunciation problems listed above and the use of Hindi intonation patterns. (In Hindi emphasis is accomplished by higher pitch rather than by the heavier articulation that typifies English.) The result of this is the sing-song effect that English spoken by Hindi learners often has on native-English speakers.

    Grammar - Verb/Tense: Hindi has tenses that similar those used in English: present simple, past continuous, etc., but there is a lack of correspondence in their use to express various meanings. This leads to the very common overuse by Hindi learners of the present continuous when in English the present simple is required: I am always playing golf on Sundays. / I am not knowing the answer.
    Since Hindi does not have the auxiliary do, learners are prone to asking questions by means of intonation alone: She has a brother? and to making mistakes such as When you got married? or She not eat meat?
    In Hindi the future tense is required in the dependent clause of conditional 1 sentences. This leads to interference mistakes such as: If you will help me, I will help you.

    Grammar - Other: Hindi typically uses a subjunctive in polite requests, which have the word order of statements rather than questions. Interference results in problematic requests such as: You will tell me the time please, or You may lend me your dictionary.
    There is no definite article in Hindi, and the number one is commonly used where in English the indefinite article is needed. As to be expected, these differences make it difficult for Hindi learners to get the articles right in English.

    There are two aspects of word order that are different in Hindi and English. Firstly, the standard word order is in Hindi Subject-Object-Verb as against Subject-Verb-Object in English. Secondly, in Hindi the preposition comes after the noun or pronoun it qualifies (i.e., it is more correctly called a 'postposition'. There does not seem to be undue interference between the two languages in these areas. However, in common with most learners of English, Hindi native-speakers have problems with the correct choice of the English preposition itself. Mistakes such as They were sitting on (at) the table are typical.

    Vocabulary: Hindi has incorporated numerous English words, which is a help to the beginner who quickly wants to acquire a large vocabulary. However, the pronunciation of many of the loan words has changed in Hindi. The interference this causes can lead to Hindi learners not being comprehensible when they use the words in oral English.

    Understanding the differences helps as to train adult learners on english by getting to root of problems and contraints they face while acquiring a second language.

    Can the experts add some more to these??

  2. #2
    faryan's Avatar
    faryan is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran
    Join Date
    Apr 2010
    Posts
    512
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: Difference Between Hindi and English Language

    the first question u should ask yourself is the aim of learning this practical and international language?well it's to communicate.but absolutley there are some serious problems with Indians in pronouncing the words...
    u have to listen more and then try to immitate the true pronounciation,well u cannot fight with ur vocal cords cause they need more time to get used to.
    u can not change ur accent but u can try to pronounce well by the use of phonetics,u can teach ur children from 8 on,u can face them to original accent not the teacher dialect... and lots of other things.if u find them helpful,send me a note we can talk about all the problems above.i've teached all the levels,nearly for 11years,these are somewhat the problems of my people...

  3. #3
    Iankong is offline Newbie
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • Hong Kong
      • Current Location:
      • Hong Kong
    Join Date
    May 2010
    Posts
    8
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: Difference Between Hindi and English Language

    I don't know if 2 languages can be directly compared in this way.

  4. #4
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Japan
    Join Date
    Nov 2002
    Posts
    43,618
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: Difference Between Hindi and English Language

    Why not?

  5. #5
    Raymott's Avatar
    Raymott is offline VIP Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Academic
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Australia
      • Current Location:
      • Australia
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    19,886
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: Difference Between Hindi and English Language

    Quote Originally Posted by clevermae View Post
    As for me, I just acknowledge that no two languages are alike. And that's it. Comparing the differences between two would be punishing yourself.
    I like comparative grammar. Maybe I'm a masochist.

Similar Threads

  1. [General] Hindi vs English
    By Unregistered in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 18-Feb-2009, 07:03
  2. english foreign language vs english second language
    By Anonymous in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 9
    Last Post: 08-Dec-2008, 20:43
  3. meaning of english words in hindi
    By babbu and sarpra in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 18-Mar-2007, 19:33
  4. meaning of english words in hindi
    By siddiandpagal in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 18-Mar-2007, 11:20
  5. English Sounds & Phonetics ???
    By j4mes_bond25 in forum Pronunciation and Phonetics
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: 18-Jan-2006, 04:31

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •