There are some verbs in English which can be followed by adjectives:
-She sat depressed.
-Seeing the sight of blood, she fell unconscious on the floor.
-“A small bird will drop frozen dead from a bough.”
In the above examples, the adjectives modify the subject.
However, it’s even possible to describe the object of the verb, using such structures:
-He zipped it up tight.
So, tight is not functioning as an adverb here.
To see how differently they may convey a message, take a look at the following examples:
-They shot him dead: this sentence implies that they doubtlessly killed him.
-They shot him deadly: this sentence, however, is ambiguous, because deadly could be taken to mean “severely” or “with the intention of killing”, but it doesn’t necessarily imply that he is dead.
So, we have to agree with Raymott about the fact that "I lay sick in bed" is grammatical indeed!
In this case, we can consider "sit" a linking verb. So to say "he sat slient" is to say "he was silent".
If we do not consider that "sit" is a linking verb, and some people may care not to, then we should use "silently" because "silent" can't modify an action verb.
However, "silent" can describe someone's condition, and we can take "sit" to refer to someone's condition, or state of being, not necessarily that one is doing the action of "sitting".
I don't think that "sit" is used as a linking verb often, but it can be, and it is.
You'll find "sit" listed as a linking verb at this site: Linking Verbs
Other common linking verbs: APPEAR, BECOME, FEEL, GET, GROW, SIT, LOOK, PROVE, REMAIN, SEEM, SMELL, SOUND, TASTE, TURN.
Here's another place to find "sit" listed as a linking verb: Linking Verbs
Linking: He grew silent. = He became silent.
Last edited by PROESL; 18-Sep-2009 at 05:55.
If you are still, then you can sit still.
Be still. = Sit still. sit - linking verb
He's sitting at his desk, working hard. - sit - action verb - not a linking verb
Let's look at these sentences:
She sat depressed. = She was depressed. She stayed depressed.
Seeing the sight of blood, she fell unconscious on the floor. = She became unconscious.
A small bird will drop frozen dead from a bough. - A small bird will become lifeless when it falls from a bough.
He zipped it up tight. = It became tight when he zipped it up.
They shot him dead. = He became dead when they shot him.
"I lay sick in bed" = I was sick in bed. I remained sick in bed.
http://www.answers.com/topic/lie - Coincidence, I'm sure.
- To be or remain in a specified condition: The dust has lain undisturbed for years. He lay sick in bed.
Last edited by PROESL; 18-Sep-2009 at 05:17.
The sentence "I lay sick in bed" is grammatically correct because "lie" is a linking verb, not an action verb. Therefore, an adjective is not modifying a verb here. The adjective is modifying a person.
I = sick
I = sick in bed = I was sick in bed.
Sick is a predicate adjective here. A predicate adjective is sick here.
A predicate adjective lay sick in bed. A predicate adjective was sick in bed.
You can bounce around happy as a lark. - I would take this to mean "as happy as a lark". The phrase "as happy as a lark" is prepositional, and I think it's possible to say that this prepositional phrase is adverbial, which makes it so that the phrase can modify "bounce around".
You can eat your breakfast unwashed and unshaven (although this is ambiguous). - This is really saying, "You can be - stay or remain -u nwashed and unshaven when you eat your breakfast".
Another view of "bounce around:
You are happy as a lark is happy.
Can "bounce around" be used to refer to a state or a condition?
You can be happy. You can bounce around happy. You can sit silent. You can bounce around silent. You can exist as a happy one. You can bounce around as a happy. Bouncing around is a kind of existing - existing around.
You can bounce around as happy as a lark is (happy). We wouldn't want to say "You can bounce around as happily as a lark is (happily).
I might say, though without 100% certainty, that there is an "understood linking verb "be" in this sentence, which describes one's condition or state while eating breakfast.
Last edited by PROESL; 18-Sep-2009 at 07:24.