Can you tell me the kind of grammar pattern used in the sentence below? And the function (parts of speech) of each words in the sentence?
Something worth fighting for.
Thanks in advance!
Last edited by sarat_106; 14-Oct-2009 at 08:30.
A simple form-class parsing would break it down as follows:
something: indefinite PRONOUN
worth: ADJECTIVE (with prepositional force), modifying 'something'
fighting: GERUND, object of 'worth'
for: PREPOSITION, notionally introducing elliptical adverbial modifying 'fighting' (see below)
The object of the preposition in this kind of construction is suppressed, i.e. obligatorily omitted; thus the prepositional phrase that it notionally introduces is itself elliptical. However, although it cannot grammatically be inserted, you could imagine the suppressed prepositional object in this case as being 'it', and referring back to the referent of the adjective (i.e. to 'something').
Expressed in overall structural terms, the phrase realizes the formula
[[NP] (something) + [ADJ.P] (worth fighting for)].
So how would we say it in other words?
There is something we care about a lot, and we care so much that we would fight for it.
I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.
(Notice, Ferdie11, that Barb couldn't resist the temptation to turn the prepositional phrase into a sentence - by supplying a verb: is.)