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    ph2004 is offline Member
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    Default Grammar book : voiceless sound

    I read the following in a grammar book : "The "s" ending is pronounced after a voiceless sound : hope(s), fit(s), clock(s)."

    What is voiceless in these 3 words ??? I do understand that the "e" in "hope" is voiceless, but what about "fit" and "clock" ?

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    Raymott is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Grammar book : voiceless sound

    Quote Originally Posted by ph2004 View Post
    I read the following in a grammar book : "The "s" ending is pronounced after a voiceless sound : hope(s), fit(s), clock(s)."

    What is voiceless in these 3 words ??? I do understand that the "e" in "hope" is voiceless, but what about "fit" and "clock" ?
    "Voicing" does not refer to the 'e'. That's a silent letter. It's neither voiced nor unvoiced since it isn't pronounced.

    The last sound in 'hope' is /p/ - a voiceless consonant.
    Consonants come in two types - voiced and voiceless. They are generally paired, so the first of the following paired is voiceless and second voiced:
    /s, z/ /p, b/, t, d/, k, g/ etc.
    "Voice" means that your larynx/voicebox makes a noise.
    Put your hand on your throat and say /s/. There should be no vibration - it is voiceless. Now try /z/. Now try the other pairs.

    The rule is: the /s/ is voiceless after a voiceless consonant /fits/
    the/s/ is voiced as /z/ after a voiced consonant. 'bids' = /bidz/

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