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  1. #1
    Volcano1985's Avatar
    Volcano1985 is offline Senior Member
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    Default Simple gerund and Perfect gerund

    Without time-relationship indicators, however, there can often be a difference between a simple gerund and a perfect gerund. Sentences (k) and (l) have different meanings:

    (k) I regret not meeting him earlier in my life.
    (l) I regret not having met him earlier in my life.


    What's the difference?

  2. #2
    Soup's Avatar
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    Default Re: Simple gerund and Perfect gerund

    Quote Originally Posted by Volcano1985 View Post
    Without time-relationship indicators, however, there can often be a difference between a simple gerund and a perfect gerund. Sentences (k) and (l) have different meanings:

    (k) I regret not meeting him earlier in my life.
    (l) I regret not having met him earlier in my life.


    What's the difference?
    There is a typo. It should read as follows:


    Without time-relationship indicators, however, there can often be a difference between a simple gerund and a perfect gerund. Sentences (k) and (l) have different meanings:


    (k) I regret not meeting him earlier in my life.
    (l) I regret not having met him earlier in my life.


    But if you add time indicators, both forms will have the same meaning:


    (k)I regret not meeting him during his illness last winter.
    (l) I regret not having met him during his illness last winter.


    Source http://www.171english.cn/html/grammar/00100.htm

  3. #3
    Volcano1985's Avatar
    Volcano1985 is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: Simple gerund and Perfect gerund

    Quote Originally Posted by Soup View Post
    There is a typo. It should read as follows:


    [INDENT] Without time-relationship indicators, however, there can often be a difference between a simple gerund and a perfect gerund. Sentences (k) and (l) have different meanings:


    (k) I regret not meeting him.
    (l) I regret not having met him.
    (k) I still have a chance to meet him
    (l) I don't have a chance to meet him anymore

    Right?

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