Nouns describe things or people or animals:
butter car woman dog problem
Some nouns (proper nouns) are the names of people, places and things.
We begin proper nouns with capital letters:
Alan, Brian, Monday, April, English, Swiss, Jane, Paris, Oxford Street, June, a Rolls-Royce, the Tower of London
Verbs describe actions:
work play live meet stay see
They work hard. (work = verb) I saw Peter. (saw = verb)
We use auxiliary verbs (be, have, do, will, can, may, must, etc.) before another verb:
They are working hard. I have seen Peter. I must go now. He can see you.
We put ADJECTIVES (e.g. wonderful) before nouns:
We can also use adjectives after the verbs be, look, seem, feel:
Heís hungry. She looks tired.
Sometimes we put very before adjectives:
Itís very hot today. He bought a very expensive car.
We normally use adverbs to describe verbs:
She walked quickly. He sings well.
Most adverbs end in ly: clearly slowly badly
We use pronouns (I, you, he, she, etc.) to replace nouns:
David has a new job. He is enjoying it.
We use prepositions (in, on, at, etc.) when we are talking about places and times:
place: Sheís at home. Itís in the box.
time: Iíll see you on Monday. They went on holiday in June.
A WHICH WORD IS WHAT
1.I had a wonderful holiday in Spain last year.
noun: verb: auxiliary: adjective: adverb: pronoun: preposition:
2.She lives in a large flat in New York.
3.Peter walked quickly to work.
4.We met them in Green Street on Friday.
5.You must come and visit me in Scotland.
6.My teacher spoke slowly but I didnít understand her.
7.Mary and Jackie are studying Japanese at college.
8.I have lost my bag.
9.They bought a big old house in the country.
10.She swims fast, and she can ski well too.