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One of the major difficulties I have when I speak English is applying the rules of stress in words.
I don't know which syllable should be stressed in the word I pronounce.
Can you help me by providing a thorough list of rules for the stressed syllables in English words, please?
Thanks in advance
The greatest difficulty about the rules for stress I think constitute words with a stress pattern that can change, depending on context. A very famous and often given example is (stressed part in bold):
Q: Where's Gordon, do you know?
A: Well, I guess he's upstairs.
1: Now I've looked in every room for the keys, I can't find them.
2: Why don't you look upstairs, maybe you've left them there?
(There may be better examples.)
Is there any website dedicated to this special rule in pronunciation/stress? Where I can get an overview, or something, as to which exact rules hold in cases like those given above...
Hi guys. I am not a qualified teacher, but a teacher in training, just to let you know.
I have a book on teaching pronunciation and it outlines some guidelines for stresses on English words. Note that these are only guidelines and are not watertight rules. They may help.
Many ‘everyday’ two-syllable nouns and adjectives are stressed on the first syllable.
SISter, BROther, MOther, WAter, PAper, TAble, COFfee, LOvely etc.
Prefixes and suffixes:
These are not usually stressed in English.
QUIetly, oRIGinally, deFECtive etc.
Words formed from a combination of two words are usually stressed on the first word.
POSTman, NEWspaper, TEApot, CROSSword.
Words that are used as a noun and a verb normally have the noun rule as above (stressed on the first syllable) and usually stress the second syllable when used as a verb.
IMport (n), import (v); REbel (n), reBEL (v); INcrease (n), inCREASE (v).
As I said earlier these are only guidelines and there are probably many exceptions but I hope this may help a little.
No wonder nannou is confused. French is blissfully simple (in only one respect - word-stress).
Apart from the stress you'll find in a dictionary, and the contextual differences already mentioned (upstairs/upstairs), stress can affect syntactical relations:
Tom hit Dick and then Harry hit him. => Dick is the object of two hits
Tom hit Dick and then Harry hit him. => Dick is the object of the first hit, but Tom is the object of the second.
Purists will say 'Aha, but you're confusing stress with intonation". Hmm. A microphone couldn't tell the difference.
I once read in a book that the stress in the words ending with "tion" is on the last but one syllable (e.g.: exploration).
That's why, I thought that there should be a resource/link where I can find a list of rules like the one I mentioned.
I'm thankful and grateful to all of you for all the help you offer.