Most of your examples are common English usage, with the exception of
She took a few jolts of whiskey.
The journey has jolt down my meat.
In your first example above, it would be more common in AmE to say "She took a few shots of whiskey."
("Jolt" is never used to refer to mouthfuls or gulps in AmE.)
I can't think of an appropriate colloquialism for your second example, but I do know that "jolt" would never be used in such a context.