Working hours today are too long and people are not spending as much time as they should with their families or on leisure activities.
What is your opinion on this?
The European Directive's main feature includes maximum working hours being no more than 48 hours a week averaged over 17-week period. The effections of extended work hours can be different according to the type of job, individual's gender, age, personality etc., the choice and control over work hours and rest breaks and the type of work environment or culture.
People are working longer because of increasing workloads and job demands, job insecurity and performance standards and pressures. It is obvious that working long hours will make people fatigued or tired. People could overcome fatigue by sleeping at least 8 hours a day. Working long hours does seem to cause stress and psychological health outcomes. If there would be balance between the effort putted into work and the income received, the level of stress would reduce. However, according to a Japanese article, the number of working hours is increasing in Japan (at least 60 hours of work per week) and workers started to complain about physical and mental fatigue, after all, without enough sleep, eventually 'karoshi' – 'death from overwork' happens. Therefore, the consequences of working long hours , such as, fatigue, lack of sleeping etc brings along work-related accidents, for example the men-made disaster – Chernobyl. In order to find the desirable work-life balance, individuals should have the control over work hours, otherwise, people would not have time for themselves and family.
To sum up, working long hours definitely causes negative effections on people's health and safety. Moreover, it is very important if the number of hours worked are voluntary or mandatory. People should be able to have the control of their lives.
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