Results 1 to 8 of 8
  1. #1
    chomsky101 is offline Newbie
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Posts
    7
    Post Thanks / Like

    Speech Acts? Can someone check my answers?

    1. Suppose you ask a friend what he thought of the new movie in town and he replies, “Well, the costumes were authentic.” Which rule guides you to the inference that
    your friend probably didn’t like the movie? Why?

    Cooperative principle. Because it allows you to move from point A to point B in conversation, and takes you from the literal meaning to the intended meaning.
    Advertisements for over-the-counter drugs often make claims like “contains the most effective ingredient” or “contains the ingredient doctors recommend most.” These claims imply that the drugs are effective. What maxim is involved here? Is the inference a logically sound one? Why?

    I thought this violated Quality, because there is not sufficent evidence that it is most effective for everyone.

  2. #2
    Raymott's Avatar
    Raymott is offline VIP Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Academic
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Australia
      • Current Location:
      • Australia
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    20,121
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: Speech Acts? Can someone check my answers?

    Quote Originally Posted by chomsky101 View Post
    1. Suppose you ask a friend what he thought of the new movie in town and he replies, “Well, the costumes were authentic.” Which rule guides you to the inference that
    your friend probably didn’t like the movie? Why?

    Cooperative principle. Because it allows you to move from point A to point B in conversation, and takes you from the literal meaning to the intended meaning.
    The Cooperative Principle is the overall term for Grice's four maxims. I'm not sure whether it applies to this question as such.
    You have an adjacency pair.
    A: What did you think of the film?
    B: Well the costumes were authentic.

    Some labels for such adjacency pairs are:
    - Request for information and provision of answer
    - Invitation and acceptance (or refusal)
    - Apology and acceptance (or refusal)
    - Statement and disagreement (or agreement)
    If I had to make one up, I'd call this: Request for opinion and evasion.

    However, I think you are being asked to think in terms of Grice's maxims. In answering A, B does not follow one of the maxims, and that's why we know that B didn't like the movie. Which maxim is B not following?

    Advertisements for over-the-counter drugs often make claims like “contains the most effective ingredient” or “contains the ingredient doctors recommend most.” These claims imply that the drugs are effective. What maxim is involved here? Is the inference a logically sound one? Why?

    I thought this violated Quality, because there is not sufficent evidence that it is most effective for everyone.

    [Gratuitous opinion]
    There are many times when more than one maxim is violated. I don't really think much of these maxims because they're really not comprehensive and the names aren't really descriptive of what's happening. [/opinion]
    Wouldn't "not sufficient evidence" = Quantity. It's not appropriately informative.
    On the other hand it's evasive, so that violates Quality.
    R.
    Last edited by Raymott; 12-Dec-2009 at 06:19.

  3. #3
    Ever Student's Avatar
    Ever Student is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Interested in Language
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran
    Join Date
    Aug 2008
    Posts
    1,059
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: Speech Acts? Can someone check my answers?

    Which maxim is B not following? I guess "the manner".

  4. #4
    Raymott's Avatar
    Raymott is offline VIP Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Academic
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Australia
      • Current Location:
      • Australia
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    20,121
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: Speech Acts? Can someone check my answers?

    Quote Originally Posted by taghavi View Post
    Which maxim is B not following? I guess "the manner".
    Interesting. Can you explain why?

  5. #5
    Ever Student's Avatar
    Ever Student is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Interested in Language
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran
    Join Date
    Aug 2008
    Posts
    1,059
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: Speech Acts? Can someone check my answers?

    Hi,
    I am not good at linguistics at all but ,in my opinion, B didn't convey his message clearly.

  6. #6
    Raymott's Avatar
    Raymott is offline VIP Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Academic
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Australia
      • Current Location:
      • Australia
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    20,121
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: Speech Acts? Can someone check my answers?

    Quote Originally Posted by taghavi View Post
    Hi,
    I am not good at linguistics at all but ,in my opinion, B didn't convey his message clearly.
    OK, that's a good answer.

  7. #7
    Ever Student's Avatar
    Ever Student is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Interested in Language
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran
    Join Date
    Aug 2008
    Posts
    1,059
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: Speech Acts? Can someone check my answers?

    Thanks for your hopeful message.

  8. #8
    Ever Student's Avatar
    Ever Student is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Interested in Language
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran
    Join Date
    Aug 2008
    Posts
    1,059
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: Speech Acts? Can someone check my answers?

    I don't know how much this discucssion regards to grammatical competence. For example; it encompasses "knwoledge of lexical items and of rules of morphology, syntax, semantics and phonology".
    Last edited by Ever Student; 10-Jan-2010 at 06:53.

Similar Threads

  1. teacher can you check my answers
    By tonyheaney in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 27-Oct-2009, 21:47
  2. [General] check and check =?
    By thedaffodils in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 04-Mar-2009, 14:05
  3. Is it OK to use quoted speech in Wh-question answers?
    By riceball72 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 22-May-2006, 10:40
  4. Tenses: Please can you check my answers
    By Moreen in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 14-Feb-2005, 03:17
  5. Could you please help me with my speech?
    By Joe in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 22-May-2004, 00:26

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •