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  1. #1
    vil is offline VIP Member
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    Default mull/dug one's heels in/underdog/foresee/deluge/departure procedures/

    Dear teachers,

    Would you be kind enough to tell me whether I am right with my interpretation of the expressions in bold in the following sentences?

    The committee have mulled over your suggestion but have decided not to accept it because of the cost.

    mull = consider

    He dug in his heels, telling his parents that if they wouldn't buy him a guitar for Christmas, he didn't want anything at all.

    dug one’s heels in = to refuse to alter one's course of action or opinions; to be obstinate or determined

    During the 2008 Republican presidential primaries, he ran a shockingly successful underdog campaign, capturing eight states, including the hotly contested Iowa Caucuses.

    underdog = one at a disadvantage and expected to lose

    A prudent man foresees the evil.

    Nobody could foresee his running away.

    foresee = forestall

    Great shoals of people, which go on to populate, without foreseeing means of life.

    foresee = provide

    Noah foresaw the deluge, Joseph the years of famine, and provided accordingly.

    deluge (n) = flood

    We were deluged with offers.

    deluge (v) = overwhelm

    This marks a departure from established procedures.

    departure = a variation that deviates from the standard or norm (take-off or land of the plane require more special operating procedures)

    established pocedure = standard operating procedure

    Thank you for your efforts.

    Regards,

    V.

  2. #2
    jlinger is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: mull/dug one's heels in/underdog/foresee/deluge/departure procedures/

    Foresee means to see in advance, up front, before the event, similar to foretell.

    Fore means in advance, or the front, or first. Notice that the foreward of a book is spelled with the e, rather than forward (meaning a direction ahead).

  3. #3
    sarat_106 is offline Key Member
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    Exclamation Re: mull/dug one's heels in/underdog/foresee/deluge/departure procedures/

    Quote Originally Posted by vil View Post
    Dear teachers,

    Would you be kind enough to tell me whether I am right with my interpretation of the expressions in bold in the following sentences?

    The committee have mulled over your suggestion but have decided not to accept it because of the cost.

    mull = consider

    He dug in his heels, telling his parents that if they wouldn't buy him a guitar for Christmas, he didn't want anything at all.

    dug one’s heels in = to refuse to alter one's course of action or opinions; to be obstinate or determined

    During the 2008 Republican presidential primaries, he ran a shockingly successful underdog campaign, capturing eight states, including the hotly contested Iowa Caucuses.

    underdog = one at a disadvantage and expected to lose

    A prudent man foresees the evil.

    Nobody could foresee his running away.

    foresee = forestall

    Great shoals of people, which go on to populate, without foreseeing means of life.

    foresee = provide

    Noah foresaw the deluge, Joseph the years of famine, and provided accordingly.

    deluge (n) = flood

    We were deluged with offers.

    deluge (v) = overwhelm

    This marks a departure from established procedures.
    departure = a variation that deviates from the standard or norm (take-off or land of the plane require more special operating procedures)= It can be an act or instance of departing which may even mean death(departure from world); as:
    What is the time of departure of the plane?
    The books were published only after his departure for good.

    established pocedure = standard operating procedure=prescribed procedure for doing anything.

    At times it becomes necessary to modify the established procedure to devise a workable procedure.

    Thank you for your efforts.

    Regards,

    V.
    Because of (Due to) problems encountered by the general public some changes in the established procedure are necessary and it is essential that we have an acceptable and workable procedure in place

    Skp
    Last edited by sarat_106; 17-Dec-2009 at 06:59.

  4. #4
    jlinger is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: mull/dug one's heels in/underdog/foresee/deluge/departure procedures/

    Because of (not Due to) problems encountered ... some changes ... are (not is) necessary..

    Do not use Due To unless it is preceded by a conjugation of the infinitive To Be. Otherwise, use "because of".

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