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I saw him steal the wallet.
the "steal the wallet" is of objective complement and in this case its type is plain-infinitive serving as verb.
I would like you to go.
the "to go" above is of objective complement and in this case its type is to-infinitive serving as noun(direct object). it means it is direct object as well as objective complement for you(indirect object)
sometimes it is hard to differentiate object complement and object.
Is there objective complement for indirect object?
Am I right about my analysis?
thanks in earnest for your guidance.
Last edited by kl004535; 19-Dec-2009 at 15:37.
The second, however, arguably has the greater claim of the two to be regarded as a "true" complement, since its removal would significantly alter the sense/acceptability of the remaining portion.
Last edited by philo2009; 21-Dec-2009 at 08:27.
1. I saw him steal the wallet.
2. I would like you to go.
I = S
saw = V
him = Od
steal the wallet = Oc (objective complement)
Philo said it was not a genuine Oc, but I beg to differ. Complements, as their names suggest, completes something. Here, the Oc does not complete syntax, but semantics:
I did not really see him. I saw ... (him steal the wallet). That is what. OK?
Objective complements can be either nouns or adjectives. Apparently, we have a VP here. Yes, it is a verbal, a kind of non-finite VP, an infinitive, whose 'to' has been dropped (this is how it is idiomatic). The infinitive is a noun here.
Second sentence: Let me diagram both sentences. Thus we can see syntax more clearly.
Look, Philo, what I have done:
Philo said it was not a genuine Oc, but I beg to differ.
What I actually said was simply that the other construction had a technically stronger claim to be called a complement, on the basis of a strictly syntactic definition of the term. (Whether the application of so rigid a delineation is actually desirable - or even practicable - is a point very much open to argument!)
Essentially, for all normal intents and purposes, it is quite acceptable to label either of the infinitive phrases in question 'complemental'!