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  1. #1
    kl004535 is offline Junior Member
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    Smile Prepositional Phrase

    Dear teachers,

    There are five sentence elements in a sentence.
    1. subject
    2. verb group
    3. object
    4. predicative
    5. adverbial

    the sentence elements may be in one of 3 forms:
    1. single word
    2. phrase
    3. clause

    According to wikipedia.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sentence_element

    ,prepositional phrases may form prepositional objects and adverbials.
    • Lorna gave the book to the old man. (SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT + PREP OBJECT)
    • We saw them in the evening. (SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT + ADVERBIAL)
    for example
    1. The building is in a dilapidated condition.

    Is the prepositional phrase above is a prepositional object or an adverbial ?

    Personally I think it is predicative(subjective complement, not adverbial complement), because it tells us more about the subject.

    your guidance is highly appreciated.
    thanks in earnest.
    Happy new year.
    Last edited by kl004535; 26-Dec-2009 at 02:33.

  2. #2
    2006 is offline Banned
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    Default Re: Prepositional Phrase

    Quote Originally Posted by kl004535 View Post
    Dear teacher,




    for example
    1. The building is in a dilapidated condition.

    Is the prepositional phrase above a prepositional object or an adverbials? It can't be a prepositional object because it includes the preposition.

    Personally I think it is predicative(subjective complement, But the predicate would include the verb "is".
    The underlined is an adjective phrase modifying "The building".

    .
    Happy new year.
    2006

  3. #3
    philo2009 is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Prepositional Phrase

    Quote Originally Posted by kl004535 View Post




    1. The building is in a dilapidated condition.

    the prepositional phrase above is prepositional object or adverbials ?
    It is by definition both a prepositional phrase (on account of its structure) and a complement (to the copula).

    As regards type of complementality, it is adjectival rather than adverbial, since it specifies the nature of the building rather than its location. Cf. the truly adverbial prepositional complement of e.g.

    The building is in a new housing development.

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