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Thread: stylistics

  1. #1
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    Post stylistics

    Plz I want to know the methodology to analyse poems and texts stylistically? thanks in advance.

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    Re: stylistics

    Quote Originally Posted by ucef View Post
    Plz I want to know the methodology to analyse poems and texts stylistically? thanks in advance.
    They are various way of analysing a text. To begin with, you could try to deal with the different stylistic elements of a text:
    - Verses, lines, rhytm, assonances : what kind of music does the text give off ?
    - Images, tropes ( metonymy ..metaphors, comparisons...)
    -Lexical clusters
    and rhetorics and its figures ( there are many.. syllepsis) what effects does the writer want to produce ? to whom? what is the form and the tone of the text ( a speech, a prayer...)

    After analysing those elements, you would have to find convergent ideas or oppositions of ideas that make the text special, interesting paradoxicalor catchy...

    Hope it'll help you

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    Smile Re: stylistics

    Quote Originally Posted by CHOMAT View Post
    They are various way of analysing a text. To begin with, you could try to deal with the different stylistic elements of a text:
    - Verses, lines, rhytm, assonances : what kind of music does the text give off ?
    - Images, tropes ( metonymy ..metaphors, comparisons...)
    -Lexical clusters
    and rhetorics and its figures ( there are many.. syllepsis) what effects does the writer want to produce ? to whom? what is the form and the tone of the text ( a speech, a prayer...)

    After analysing those elements, you would have to find convergent ideas or oppositions of ideas that make the text special, interesting paradoxicalor catchy...

    Hope it'll help you
    I would like you to help with a sample including all items you have mentioned.

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    Re: stylistics

    Ucef, since I teach pragmatics, I will try to help you and give you some directions.
    You cannot analyze poetry and prose the same way.
    Let's start with poetry.
    Poetry

    Register
    1.What is the manner?
    The manner can be formal or informal, depending upon the relationship the
    poet wants to create with the reader. Then, it can be personal or
    impersonal...
    2. What is the poet's intention?
    -to characterize, describe a place or time, create an atmosphere, convey a
    message...
    3. What is the field?
    -find the subject matter

    Poetic form and structure
    1. What is the poetic form?
    -sonnet, ballad, ode
    2. What kind of verse has the poet used?
    -blank verse, free verse
    3. Are the lines end stopped or are there examples of enjambement
    4. Analyse stress
    5. Analyse pauses
    6. Analyse rhythm
    7. Analyse layout. Is something unusual with it?
    8. Are stanza length regular or irregular? What effect does the devision into
    stanzas have?
    9.Is the structure used to draw attention to key elements?

    Lexis
    1. Are words simple or complex? formal or colloquial? modern or archaic?
    2. Are there any subject specific words or specific lexical sets?
    3. Has the poet chosen to use standard language, non-standard?
    - analyze dialects if there is any
    4. Are the nouns concrete or abstract?
    5. Is there any naming? Are any names omitted intentionally?
    6. What function do the modifiers have?
    - to describe places or people
    -to arouse the reader's emotions
    -to evaluate and judge
    7. What kinds of actions do the verbs describe?
    8. Are any collocations used?

    Grammar
    1. Analyse grammar
    -is the grammar formal or informal
    -modern or archaic
    2. Are there any significant changes of tense or mood?
    3. Is the sentence structure varied and what effect does it have?
    4. Are there any examples of ellipsis?

    Metaphorical language
    1. Are there any metaphors or symbols and what effect do these have?
    2. Are there any other examples of poetic devices?

    Rhetorical techniques

    1. How does the poet try to influence the reader?
    2. Are structural contrasts created through the use of:
    -patterning
    -juxtapositions
    -listing
    -parallelism
    -repetition
    What effect do these have?
    3. Has the poet used the passive voice and what effect does it have?
    4. What kinds of phonological pattering are used?
    - alliteration, sibilance, onomatopoeia, and rhyme, internal rhyme


    This is a very complex way, but if you fallow these step, you can analyse a poem neatly.
    I hope it will help.

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    Post Re: stylistics

    [QUOTE=fighting spirit;553847]Ucef, since I teach pragmatics, I will try to help you and give you some directions.
    You cannot analyze poetry and prose the same way.

    thank you very much
    what about prose?
    I have an exam next week an d we will analyse both of them.

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    Re: stylistics

    Here you have the most important features concerning the language of prose.
    At the heart of a novelist's work is the desire to create a fictional world which exists alongside the real one. It may be a representation of the past, the present or of an unknown future. The characters may be realistic or caricatures. The physical or social background may be familiar or unfamiliar- ultimately, the author must decide whether to draw readers into created world or to alienate them.
    Each short story or novel is different and each author will make decisions about the purpose and style of the prose. It is important to establish what an author is trying to achieve in order to understand the approach adopted and the effects created.
    Different kinds of authorial intention

    To characterize
    Writers can use a first person narrative to allow characters to reveal themselves to the reader, or they can mediate using a third person narrative who comments and makes explicit judgement.

    To set the scene
    Setting the scene is important if the writer wishes readers to immerse themselves in the fictional world created. By providing physical details of time and place, the author can enable the reader to visualize the background. By providing literal details, a writer can build up a sense of place. If rooms are described, they can tell us something about the characters who inhabit them.

    To evoke a powerful atmosphere
    Creating a range of different atmosphere is essential to the success of fiction. If readers are to believe in the world of the novel or short story, the writer must be able to arose their emotions. By creating the exact atmosphere, writer can persuade the readers to feel as the characters do.

    To experiment with language

    Non-standard language can intensify the effect of the fictional world on the reader. Different language variations for different characters makes them more authentic and place them more specifically in a time and a place. Non-standard language is used to reflect the accent and dialect of characters.

    I'll give you the checklist used to identify key features in the following post.

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    Re: stylistics

    What to look for in the language of prose
    Register

    1. What is the mode? - obviously written
    2. What is the manner? - formal or informal, personal or impersonal?
    3. What is the authorial intention? - to characterize, describe a place or time,
    create an atmosphere, convey a message?
    4. What is the field? - the lexis will suggest something about the nature of the
    subject matter.

    Point of view

    1. Is it a first person narrative, giving a direct insight into characters's mind?
    2. Is it a third person narrative, providing an omniscient view of events and
    characters?
    3. Is the narrator reliable or unreliable? - can readers rely on the version of
    events provided by the narrator or should they mistrust the narrator?
    4. Are there any examples of interior monologue (to convey one's emotions)
    or stream of consciousness ( thoughts appear on the page randomly to
    show how chaotic and jumbled they are) this approach attempts to
    convey the complexity of the human mind.

    Lexis

    1. Words - simple or complicated, formal or colloquial, descriptive or
    evaluative, modern or archaic?
    2. Subject specific words or specific lexical sets?
    3. What is the language used? - dialects, idiosyncratic linguistic choices, code
    language identifying insiders and outsiders?
    4. Are the nouns concrete ( to do with the physical environment) or
    abstract (linked to thought or spiritual matters)
    5.Describe the naming of characters. Are any names omitted and why?
    6. Do any words have significant connotations?
    7. Function of the modifiers? - what effect do they create
    8. What kind of actions do the verbs describe

    Speech and thought

    1. Does the writer use direct speech or thought to let characters speak for
    themselves?
    2. Does the writer use indirect speech or thought to interpret or comment on
    the things that characters say
    3. Does the writer use free indirect speech or thought to both intervene
    and give sense of a character's words

    Grammar

    1. What is the grammar used? - standard or non-standard, formal or informal,
    modern or archaic
    2. Do changes of mood create any interesting effects?
    3. What is the sentence structure used?- simple, compound, complex, varied,
    what effect do the changes have/
    4. Does the tense change? What effect does it have?

    Metaphorical language

    1. Are there any images used to give the fictional world a concrete visual
    quality. To which senses does the description appeal?
    2. Are there any metaphors or symbols and what effect do they have?
    3. Are there other examples of poetic use of language?

    Rhetorical techniques

    1. How does the writer persuade the reader to believe in the fictional
    world created?
    2. Are contrasts created through in the use of patterning, juxtapositions,
    listing, parallelism? What effect do these have?
    3. Does the writer emphasis certain elements by using marked themes, the
    passive voice, end focus? What effect do these have?


    For each answered question, you should give the example from the text

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    Re: stylistics

    Remember, when analyzing either prose or poem, you shouldn't divide it into those lines which i put. You are supposed to include them all, but as a whole, to make your own text. If there is something you can't understand, feel free to ask.

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    Smile Re: stylistics

    Quote Originally Posted by fighting spirit View Post
    Remember, when analyzing either prose or poem, you shouldn't divide it into those lines which i put. You are supposed to include them all, but as a whole, to make your own text. If there is something you can't understand, feel free to ask.

    Of course, don't worry. thank you veeeeeeeeeeeerrrrrrrrrrrryyyyyyyyy much. you are so helpful.

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    Re: stylistics

    Hi how are you teacher, I want to know plz how to analyse drama stylistically? thanks in advance.

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