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  1. #1
    sveta774 is offline Newbie
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    Default The English Future Tense: Progress or decay?

    My dear friends,

    My name is Sveta, and I'm writting you from Moscow. And I need your help. I'm writting my diploma work on the topic: The English Future Tense: Progress or decay? The only question I have is: is there any Future Tense in English? Could you be so kind and answer me. I'll give you a sentene where you have to fill the gaps with the right Tense (Future): My friends and me ....(to go) to Spain in Summer 2010. Could you answer me as soon as possible. Thanks in advance.

    Sincerely yours,

    Sveta

  2. #2
    Linguist__ is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: The English Future Tense: Progress or decay?

    Technically there is no future 'tense' in English grammatically. That is, there are no morphemes that signal or create future. Many grammarians will say then that with regards to tense, English has two - past and present.

    Of course, the future exists, and so we need to be able to talk about it, however we do this using adverbials and auxiliaries, not by changing the verb as languages which do have future tense would.

    Examples of future tense expressed in various ways:

    "Tomorrow, I leave for London." - Future is indicated by adverbial tomorrow.

    "I will leave for London." - Future is indicated by the auxiliary will.

    "I am going to leave for London." Future is indicate by auxiliary and progressive aspect.

    As for your example:

    "My friends and me will go/are going to Spain in Summer 2010." - either 'will go' or 'are going' is correct.

    I should point out that it should be 'My friends and I', and also that summer is not capitalised. Thus:

    "My friends and I will go/are going to Spain in summer 2010."

  3. #3
    sveta774 is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: The English Future Tense: Progress or decay?

    Thank you very much for your help.

  4. #4
    Linguist__ is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: The English Future Tense: Progress or decay?

    Of course, the future exists, and so we need to be able to talk about it, however we do this using adverbials and auxiliaries, not by changing the verb as languages which do have future tense would.
    That sounds a lot like something I would say!

  5. #5
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    Default Re: The English Future Tense: Progress or decay?

    Quote Originally Posted by sveta774 View Post
    My dear friends,

    My name is Sveta, and I'm writting you from Moscow. And I need your help. I'm writting my diploma work on the topic: The English Future Tense: Progress or decay? The only question I have is: is there any Future Tense in English? Could you be so kind and answer me. I'll give you a sentene where you have to fill the gaps with the right Tense (Future): My friends and me ....(to go) to Spain in Summer 2010. Could you answer me as soon as possible. Thanks in advance.

    Sincerely yours,

    Sveta
    According to Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English 5 Edition:




    progress
    SIMPLE FORM

    Present I, you, we, they progress
    he, she progresses

    Past I, you, he, she, we, they progressed

    Present perfect I, you, we, they have progressed
    he, she has progressed

    Past perfect I, you, he, she, we, they had progressed

    Future I, you, he, she, we, they will progress

    Future perfect I, you, he, she, we, they will have progressed

    CONTINUOUS FORM

    Present I am progressing
    he, she is progressing
    you, we, they are progressing

    Past I, he, she was progressing
    you, we, they were progressing
    Present perfect I, you, we, they have been progressing
    he, she has been progressing
    Past perfect I, you, he, she, we, they had been progressing
    Future I, you, he, she, we, they will be progressing
    Future perfect I, you, he, she, we, they will have been progressing










    decay

    SIMPLE FORM



    Present I, you, we, they decay
    he, she decays Past I, you, he, she, we, they decayed Present perfect I, you, we, they have decayed
    he, she has decayed Past perfect I, you, he, she, we, they had decayed Future I, you, he, she, we, they will decay Future perfect I, you, he, she, we, they will have decayed


    CONTINUOUS FORM


    Present I am decaying
    he, she is decaying
    you, we, they are decaying Past I, he, she was decaying
    you, we, they were decaying Present perfect I, you, we, they have been decaying
    he, she has been decaying Past perfect I, you, he, she, we, they had been decaying Future I, you, he, she, we, they will be decaying Future perfect I, you, he, she, we, they will have been decaying

  6. #6
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    Default Re: The English Future Tense: Progress or decay?

    Quote Originally Posted by Linguist__ View Post
    Technically there is no future 'tense' in English grammatically. That is, there are no morphemes that signal or create future. Many grammarians will say then that with regards to tense, English has two - past and present.

    Of course, the future exists, and so we need to be able to talk about it, however we do this using adverbials and auxiliaries, not by changing the verb as languages which do have future tense would.

    Examples of future tense expressed in various ways:

    "Tomorrow, I leave for London." - Future is indicated by adverbial tomorrow.

    "I will leave for London." - Future is indicated by the auxiliary will.

    "I am going to leave for London." Future is indicate by auxiliary and progressive aspect.

    As for your example:

    "My friends and me will go/are going to Spain in Summer 2010." - either 'will go' or 'are going' is correct.

    I should point out that it should be 'My friends and I', and also that summer is not capitalised. Thus:

    "My friends and I will go/are going to Spain in summer 2010."
    I agree with you, there is no future tense in English, only present tense and past tense. 15 years ago, one english tutor also said that in the TV...

    ome92-0182_45k_450k_在线视频观看_土豆网视频 影视

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