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  1. #1
    grammarian77 is offline Newbie
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    Default Adverbial Phrase or Adjective Phrase?

    In the sentence The plane is near the other plane. (excuse the bad writing), how would near the other plane be functioning?

  2. #2
    mmasny is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Adverbial Phrase or Adjective Phrase?

    It seems to be a prepositional phrase:
    near - Wiktionary
    Preposition and postposition - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    I am not a teacher.

  3. #3
    grammarian77 is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Adverbial Phrase or Adjective Phrase?

    Yes, it is, but what type? Adverbial? Adjective? Please be as specific as possible.

  4. #4
    Linguist__ is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: Adverbial Phrase or Adjective Phrase?

    (Not a teacher)

    I would say it is an adverbial of place.

    I can see why it has caused you confusion, however - the verb 'be' makes it seem like a complment rather than an adverbial, that is, describing 'the plane'.

    It's best to see what someone with a better knowledge of grammar says, but I think its an adverbial phrase:

    'Where is the plane?'
    'The plane/It is near the other plane'

    EDIT - I don't know if the term 'complement' is used in US terminology. I know that 'copula' isn't really used, and 'linking verb' is preferred, so perhaps there is another word for 'complement', which is closely linked to copular (linking) verbs.
    Last edited by Linguist__; 18-Feb-2010 at 01:02. Reason: Added section

  5. #5
    mmasny is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Adverbial Phrase or Adjective Phrase?

    I'm pretty sure it can be looked at either way. You can think of it as of an adverbial phrase modifying the existential verb 'is' or you can consider it a subject complement (like "black" in "He is black."). In this particular case the ambiguity is even deeper than usually, because near can be either an adverb or an adjective (also a preposition).
    Sentence Structure
    Subject complement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    I'm still not a teacher. And don't have much knowledge about grammar.
    Last edited by mmasny; 18-Feb-2010 at 01:29. Reason: typo

  6. #6
    mmasny is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Adverbial Phrase or Adjective Phrase?

    Quote Originally Posted by Linguist__ View Post
    I don't know if the term 'complement' is used in US terminology. I know that 'copula' isn't really used, and 'linking verb' is preferred, so perhaps there is another word for 'complement', which is closely linked to copular (linking) verbs.
    I don't think there is another word for it. If there was it would be easy to find I guess, and I don't see it anywhere. I've just taken a look at some texts about it to learn English point of view on grammar and it's complement everywhere I looked.

  7. #7
    grammarian77 is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Adverbial Phrase or Adjective Phrase?

    Is it possible that it is an adverbial compliment of place? Also would this sentence be considered inappropriate for formal use?
    Last edited by grammarian77; 18-Feb-2010 at 01:57. Reason: more info

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