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what is the meaning of : properly endowed in the following sentence ?
How does it happen that a properly endowed natural scientist comes to concern himself with epistemology?
thanks in advance.
From there, you need to take the meaning from the context.
So, in the original, you need to ask yourself, "What are the endowments that a natural scientist should have that would make it improbable that he would drift off from a concrete study of science as found empirically in nature, into a philosophical speculation about the nature of epistemology?"
As I implied, my initial reading was something of a guess. But he has to be endowed - by birth or education - with a mind that accepts knowledge empirically from nature, not through mere thought. (meaning 2 in the dictionary entry below).
In your second sentence, the endowment is perhaps more physical. (meaning 1).
[C or U] money that is given to a college or hospital, etc. in order to provide it with an income, or the giving of this money
The school has received an endowment of £50 000 to buy new books for the library.
[C] something that you have from birth, often a quality
There are tests which can establish a baby's genetic endowment.
Last edited by Raymott; 26-Feb-2010 at 07:03.
As primate he sought to ensure that the new church was properly endowed and that its clergy conformed strictly to its beliefs and canons.
Hi, Toxic! In your sentence, 'properly endowed' refers to the funding for the new church.
"The primate sought to ensure that the new church was properly funded..."
More specifically, Church Endowments are permanent funds that are invested and supply an ongoing source of revenue for the church.
A further slight refinement: endowments are also tax deductable, and apply to gifts to charitable organisations. A possible minefield would be the term well-endowed which refers to the size of manhood
so from the above context , don't you think it means : eminent or famous scientist ?How does it happen that a properly endowed natural scientist comes to concern himself with epistemology? Is there not some more valuable work to be done in his specialty? That’s what I hear many of my colleagues ask, and I sense it from many more. But I cannot share this sentiment. When I think about the ablest students whom I have encountered in my teaching—that is, those who distinguish themselves by their independence of judgment and not just their quick-wittedness—I can affirm that they had a vigorous interest in epistemology. They happily began discussions about the goals and methods of science, and they showed unequivocally, through tenacious defense of their views, that the subject seemed important to them.
another example :
here also it seems the meaning is something like : distinguished , eminent or famous .You have to be you own polymath. This involves surmounting serious confidence issues, since in our intellectual theocracy, one is made to feel that they have to gain permission from some properly endowed expert in order to think seriously about something.
a well-known translator in my country has translated like this (properly endowed = distinguished) but i'm not sure he is right, so i tried to ask you.
it's very important to me to find the exact meaning.
Yes, it could mean 'distinguished'.
But from this I think it just means "properly qualified; having the right credentials".
A "properly endowed natural scientist" does not have to be eminent or famous - it seems to me.
Einstein may be referring to himself in the first passage, but that doesn't mean he's reserving the term for himself.