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  1. #1
    satya_sson33's Avatar
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    Question how to recognize infinitive as adjective and adverb

    i brought a knife to cut vegitable with .
    In above given sentence, infinitive as adjective or adverb. why do we use preposition after infinitive like with is used in above sentence.i have a confusion above given sentence that it is modifying both (knife and brought).so, sir please explain me how to identify infinitive as adjective or adverb.

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    susiedqq is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: how to recognize infinitive as adjective and adverb



    I bought a knife to cut the vegetables.

  3. #3
    corum is offline Banned
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    Default Re: how to recognize infinitive as adjective and adverb

    I brought a knife to cut vegetables with.

    In your sentence, the string of words after 'brought', a noun phrase with 'knife' being the head, serves as the direct object of 'brought'. This part does not modify, but complements the verb.

    a knife to cut vegetables with = a knife with which I can cut vegetables

    The infinitive verb phrase (this is the formal definition of "to cut vegetables with") functions as a postmodifier of 'a knife' (not simply 'knife'). It is an adjectival relative clause in function. You have problem with the stranded preposition, right? It is okay there. It is related to 'a knife'.

    I brought a knife to cut vegetables with.

    Different meaning. Here, the infinitive verb phrase provides the reason for your having brought a knife. Reason clause, adverbial.

    ---

    I bought a mattress to sleep on = I bought it so that I have something to sleep on.

    I bought a mattress to sleep on. = ?
    I bought it for sleeping.

    Quote Originally Posted by satya_sson33 View Post
    how to recognize infinitive as adjective and adverb?
    Ask yourself the question: What does the sentence mean?
    Last edited by corum; 14-Mar-2010 at 08:03.

  4. #4
    satya_sson33's Avatar
    satya_sson33 is offline Newbie
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    Question Re: how to recognize infinitive as adjective and adverb

    Quote Originally Posted by corum View Post
    I brought a knife to cut vegetables with.

    In your sentence, the string of words after 'brought', a noun phrase with 'knife' being the head, serves as the direct object of 'brought'. This part does not modify, but complements the verb.

    a knife to cut vegetables with = a knife with which I can cut vegetables

    The infinitive verb phrase (this is the formal definition of "to cut vegetables with") functions as a postmodifier of 'a knife' (not simply 'knife'). It is an adjectival relative clause in function. You have problem with the stranded preposition, right? It is okay there. It is related to 'a knife'.

    I brought a knife to cut vegetables with.

    Different meaning. Here, the infinitive verb phrase provides the reason for your having brought a knife. Reason clause, adverbial.

    ---

    I bought a mattress to sleep on = I bought it so that I have something to sleep on.

    I bought a mattress to sleep on. = ?
    I bought it for sleeping.



    Ask yourself the question: What does the sentence mean?


    sir, infinitive as adverb has same subject as sentence has or different.

  5. #5
    corum is offline Banned
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    Default Re: how to recognize infinitive as adjective and adverb

    I can't think of an example where they are not the same.

    I brought a knife to cut vegetables = I brought; I cut

  6. #6
    satya_sson33's Avatar
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    Question Re: how to recognize infinitive as adjective and adverb

    Quote Originally Posted by corum View Post
    I can't think of an example where they are not the same.

    I brought a knife to cut vegetables = I brought; I cut

    # he paid you $50 to cross the river.

    i have a confusion in that sentence that infinitive has different subject and it is as adverb but sir, when infinitive works like adverb then it has same subject. it used as a adverbial phrase that means 'the purpose of the subject'?

    he paid you $50 = why did he paid you?.......... to cross the river
    Last edited by satya_sson33; 16-Mar-2010 at 05:40.

  7. #7
    corum is offline Banned
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    Default Re: how to recognize infinitive as adjective and adverb

    Quote Originally Posted by satya_sson33 View Post
    # he paid you $50 to cross the river.

    when infinitive works like adverb then it has same subject.
    It is not necessarily true as you can see from your example.

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