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  1. #1
    chance22 is offline Member
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    subjunctive mood

    n
    There is a sentence concerning subjunctive mood.
    _______if I had arrived yesterday without letting you know know beforehand?
    n
    A. Would you be surprised
    n
    B. Were you surprised
    nC. Had you been surprised n D. Would you have been surprised

    It seems to me A and D can both be correct here. Could you tell me which is correct? Thank you very much

  2. #2
    Allen165 is offline Key Member
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    Re: subjunctive mood

    D is the best option, and A is also correct. I certainly would not say "had you been surprised," but it might actually be correct as well, although one would use it only in a very formal context. Let's wait and see what a teacher has to say.

    Not a teacher.

  3. #3
    bhaisahab's Avatar
    bhaisahab is offline Moderator
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    Re: subjunctive mood

    Quote Originally Posted by chance22 View Post
    n
    There is a sentence concerning subjunctive mood.
    _______if I had arrived yesterday without letting you know know beforehand?
    n
    A. Would you be surprised
    n
    B. Were you surprised
    nC. Had you been surprised n D. Would you have been surprised

    It seems to me A and D can both be correct here. Could you tell me which is correct? Thank you very much
    D; is the only correct answer. What is subjunctive about it?

  4. #4
    chance22 is offline Member
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    Re: subjunctive mood

    Quote Originally Posted by bhaisahab View Post
    D; is the only correct answer. What is subjunctive about it?
    Thank you for your reply. Does D "would you have been surprised" suggest a situation like this: imagine I had come yesterday, and you didn't know I was coming, when you come across me yesterday, would you have been surprised then? But is there another situation like: imagine I had come yesterday, and you didn't know I was coming, then when you meet me today, would you be surprised? That is, by using A, it means something that is contrary to the fact now (now I'm not surprised at all)
    Looking forward to your analysis. Thank you.

  5. #5
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Re: subjunctive mood

    Quote Originally Posted by chance22 View Post
    But is there another situation like: imagine I had come yesterday, and you didn't know I was coming, then when you meet me today, would you be surprised?
    Is the surprise related to meeting you now or the events of yesterday? If yesterday, then answer D works, but if the surprise is about meeting you now, then the connection to the events of yesterday is broken and 'Are you surprised that I arrived yesterday...?' would make more sense as a question- no need for conditionals as you're asking about the current real state and an established fact about the past.

  6. #6
    Raymott's Avatar
    Raymott is offline VIP Member
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    Re: subjunctive mood

    Quote Originally Posted by chance22 View Post
    Thank you for your reply. Does D "would you have been surprised" suggest a situation like this: imagine I had come yesterday, and you didn't know I was coming, when you come across me yesterday, would you have been surprised then? But is there another situation like: imagine I had come yesterday, and you didn't know I was coming, then when you meet me today, would you be surprised? That is, by using A, it means something that is contrary to the fact now (now I'm not surprised at all)
    Looking forward to your analysis. Thank you.
    Tdol is right. But if it is about now, you could still ask:
    "Would you be surprised ..." but you'd have to use it differently:
    "Would you be surprised if I told you I arrived yesterday ..."
    So either way, A is wrong.

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