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Thread: Analysis help

  1. #1
    Tyfus Guest

    Post Analysis help

    how do i analyse this sentence ?
    "His love of elegance, beauty, and precision is often ridiculed by the local bumbling policemen."

    I am supposed to do it by giving a complete syntactic analysis (word level, function level ect)- but it is so hard. can you help me?

  2. #2
    billmcd is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Analysis help

    I think you will have to explain for me what you mean by "word level" and "function level".

  3. #3
    corum is offline Banned
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    Default Re: Analysis help

    Quote Originally Posted by Tyfus View Post
    how do i analyse this sentence ?
    "His love of elegance, beauty, and precision is often ridiculed by the local bumbling policemen."

    I am supposed to do it by giving a complete syntactic analysis (word level, function level ect)- but it is so hard. can you help me?
    scale rank:

    word-level:
    [det His][N love][prep of][N elegance], [N beauty], [conj and][N precision][V is][adv often][V ridiculed][prep by][det the][adj local][adj bumbling][N policemen].

    phrase-level:
    [NP [det his][N love][PP[prep of][N elegance]], [N beauty], [conj and][N precision]][VP [V is][adv often][V ridiculed][PP [prep by][NP[det the][adj local][adj bumbling][N policemen]]]].

    clause-level:
    [MC[NP[det His][N love][PP[prep of][N elegance]], [N beauty], [conj and][N precision]][V is][adv often][V ridiculed][PP[prep by][NP[det the][adj local][adj bumbling][N policemen]]]].] -- Note the placement of full stop in relation to the brackets

    sentence-level:
    [S/MC[det His][N love][PP[prep of][N elegance]], [N beauty], [conj and][N precision][V is][adv often][V ridiculed][PP[prep by][NP[det the][adj local][adj bumbling][N policemen]]]].]

    Horror! Now you see, or so I trust, why grammarians felt the need to invent an easier representational method for illustrating sentence structure. This is where tree-diagrams enter the story.

    So far I have carried out formal analysis. Now let us turn to functional analysis:

    [His love of elegance, beauty, and precision] [is often ridiculed] [by the local bumbling policemen].

    [His love of elegance, beauty, and precision] = S
    is ridiculed = V
    often = adjunct
    [by the local bumbling policemen] = adverbial (formally a PP)

    SV

    thematic roles:

    S = patient, theme
    [by the local bumbling policemen] = agent, source
    Last edited by corum; 17-Mar-2010 at 15:02.

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