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Thread: Compound nouns

  1. #1
    The French is offline Senior Member
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    Question Compound nouns

    Hi all,

    I am trying to find a grammar rule about the compound nouns but I do not find one. Maybe there is no rules about this issue, nonetheless I appreciate if some people can show me a way to understand what or how to write them well.

    Thanks in advance for your opinion or your knowledgement about this subject (Do not hesitate to correct me, I am not going to be upset)

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    Re: Compound nouns

    Hi The French,

    Ive found these rules. I hope they help.

    There are single-accented compounds that take the accent on the first element:

    _The largest group is formed by the combination of two nouns:

    a)The second noun indicates the performer of the action, as in:
    baby-sitter, book-seller, car-dealer, vacuum cleaner, bartender, housekeeper, etc.

    b)The first noun delimits the meaning of the second, by stating “What type of thing” it is:
    school-days, bed-clothes, air-craft, time-bomb, newsagent, waterfall, etc.

    _Another important group is formed by the combination of adjectives and nouns.

    Normally when a noun is preceded by an adjective, both are accented:
    blackberry, grandchild, secondary school, folk music, greengrocer, dark room, steering-wheel, parking zone, etc.

    _Verbs and nouns sometimes combine, as in:
    catchword, cookbook, pickpocket, cork-screw, fire-escape, pushchair, etc.

    There are double-accented compounds that take the primary accent on the second element:

    _One group is made of nouns:

    a)The first noun indicates the position of the second one, as in:
    country-house, camp-bed, shop window, kitchen cupboard, etc.

    b)The second is made of the first one, as in:
    apple sauce, olive oil, cotton wool, fruit salad, etc.

    c)Other common noun + noun compounds are:
    woman driver, fellow-citizen, city centre, mother tongue, ground floor, mass media, etc.

    _Some common double-accented compounds formed by nouns and adjectives are:

    a)Adjective + noun:
    civil war, best man, prime minister, wet blanket, sliding door, common sense, best-seller, etc.

    b)Noun + adjective:
    navy blue, snow-white, world-wide, rent free, stone-deaf, etc.

    _Participles make up some common compounds, e.g.:
    air-conditioning, high-minded, home-made, good-looking, old-fashioned, easy-going, deep-frozen, etc.

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    Re: Compound nouns


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