Here is a link to the text I've tried to analyse: (couldn't post it since I'm new to the forum)
Here are the sentences I have difficulties with:
1. Another Times report said his office was copied on the memo ordering
to receive a duplicate of information is to be "copied"
was copied is the verb
on - memo is prep. phrase
2. He made no specific mention of the scandal, but did say that faith helped believers not to be intimidated by the “chatter of dominant opinion”.
You can make mention, make small talk, etc.
made mention is idiomatic expression, but would be: made / mention
of - scandal is prep phrase
3. It was a slip the Vatican could ill afford.
It / was / slip
(that) vatican / could afford
ill is an adjective describing affort.