1- no need for the artcile when you give the name. Drop the name and you'll need one.
2- House passage is a general term for the process, so it's not specific
3- it means that the public are keeping the eyes and ears open
4/5/6- I'd actually use an article there, but he's talking in general
7- I'd only used the article with impetus when I went on to describe its specific nature
8- Congress but the Senate- it doesn't often havce an article, in BrE at least
9/10 General not specific