I have an exam which is basically based on the phonological analysis
in fact I have a problem in differentiating between the phoneme and allophone !! what is the difference?
another thing is how to write a phonological rule?
I've studied five steps which are:
specify the problem
specify the context
examine the common features
determine the underlying sound
and finally form the rule
it is easy to write the steps but I couldn't apply them correctly
can you help me please!
Thankfully you don't have to be a linguist to be an effective reading or writing teacher and many aren't but understanding a few terms can enhance your abilities. A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound within a language that can change the meaning of a word e.g. let, lit, lot. These three words differ in meaning because of a difference in only one sound, and this difference is called phonemic. An allophone is a slightly different version of each phoneme e.g. the 't ' in Italy is pronounced like a quick d in North American English but the Brits would pronounce it like a t. These sound variations don't cause many problems but when they are reflected in spelling then there are problems e.g. Idaly vs Italy.
thanks alot for this clarification.
it helped me so much.