How to apply X-bar theory to Arabic?
First of all, I have to admit that this is a very complicated case, because I have never done any research on such linguistic aspects of Arabic.
Some good understanding of the function of articles can really help us; as far as I know, AL (ال) serves as the definite article in Arabic; for example, we say: Al + shams = the + sun.
The X-bar theory says syntactic structures like noun phrases without articles create a new category that should be represented by a bar over the name of the category.
Now, to continue, I need knowledge seeker to give us some brief explanation of the concept of articles in Arabic. I mean, will it sound strange to an Arabic speaker when he encounters, in a sentence, شمس instead of الشمس ?
من الله توفيق