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3. Question:-In your opinion, why did the author, Joy Kogawa, choose to name her novel after the protagonist’s great aunt? Give your opinion and four reasons to support it. For each reason that you given provide at least one detail or example from the story which proves your point. Japanese
3.Answer: - In my opinion, the author, Joy Kogawa, chose to name her novel “Obasan” because of the following reasons. First, Aya Obasan and Aunt Emily, both were Naomi’s aunts(18), in Japanese "obasan” means aunt (112). Second , each of Naomi’s aunts, in her own way, had guided Naomi though her childhood and adolescent. Third , in most Asian cultures, aunt or uncle has to take care of their relative’s children when their parents are absent or dead. For that reason, Aya Obasan, in her silent personality, plays the role of Naomi’s mother when she was in Japan whereas Aunt Emily, with her strong personality plays the role of Naomi’s absent father while he was interned in Hasting camp. Naomi ‘s life influenced in both of her two aunts, silent as Obasan and courageous as Aunt Emily, who exhorted Naomi to get out of her silent shell to carry on the fight ( 31) for the right of Japanese Canadians .
Last , Joy Kogawa chose to title her novel “Obasan” because Aya Obasan’s character represented a traditional Japanese woman whereas Aunt Emily’s character represented a modern Japanese Canadian woman .She used their contrast roles to bring the conflicts and interests to readers .


4. Question: - Find a quotation (5-10 lines) from the novel in which the writer is describing the character of Aunt Emily. First, write down the quotation is found. Then write a paragraph which analyzes that quotation, making sure to cite the chapter and page number where the quotation is found. Then, write a paragraph which analyzes that quotation. In your analysis, make sure to answer the following questions.
a. Where does this quotation appear in the story? What is the context or situation in which this quotation appears?
b. Does the situation only involve Aunt Emily herself, or are there any conflicts or interactions with any other characters in the story?
c. What are the two personal qualities about Aunt Emily’s character which are made clear through the quotation? What are words or phrases from the quotation used by the author which describe these personal qualities?
d. Why did you choose this particular quotation? Give at least one or two reasons for your choice.

4.Answer: "…Aunt Emily, BA, MA, is a word warrior. She's a crusader, a little old grey-haired Mighty Mouse, a Bachelor of Advanced Activists and General Practitioner of Just Causes." (32).She is about 5’1….With her mind and her hair leaping wildly in the gusts, she was Stephen Leacock’s horseman riding off in all directions at once.(33) .”Whenever the words Japanese race” appear, Aunt Emily had crossed them out and written “Canadian citizen”(33)”Injustice enrages Aunt Emily……she is one of the world’s white blood cells ….For her, the injustice done to us in the past was still a live issue”(34).
a. Naomi describes her aunt to be a crusader, a little old gray- haired Mighty Mouse, a Bachelor of Advanced Activists and General Practitioner of Just Causes, a word warrior. She is a 56 year old single woman who lives in Toronto. She is not beautiful, but solid and intelligent looking woman. She is about 5’1 height, chunky like “daicon ashi” and her legs as shapely as Japanese radishes. A small tank of a woman with a Winston Churchill stoop. Emily is a strong, powerful woman, who helps other and stands up for what she believes in. She strongly beliefs that all Japanese Canadians should be treated just like all other Canadians - Whenever the words “Japanese race” appeared, she had crossed them out and written “Canadian Citizen” (pg. 33).
b. This quotation is found in chapter 7 page 33. It describes Aunt Emily after she gets off the air plane at Letbridge airport in Southern Alberta.
c. This issues are involved about the racism of Canadian government, who use the war as their excuses to confiscate Japanese Canadian’s properties and Aunt Emily is the crusader, willing to protest for the right of Japanese Canadian, “she’s one of the world’s white blood cells, rushing from trouble spot to trouble spot with her medications pouring into wounds seen and not seen”.
d. "You have to remember," Aunt Emily said. "You are your history. If you cut any of it off you're an amputee. Don't deny the past. Remember everything. If you're bitter, be bitter. Cry it out! Scream! Denial is gangrene." (49-50). The reason that I choose this quotation is it shows that Aunt Emily has enthusiasm and courageous characters although she is just a woman in an minority ethnic .She has characters of a leader who is willing to face any obstacles without fear .Her thought is always true in any difficult situation .She represents a Japanese Canadian in new era fighting against the injustice Canadian government and it is her who has made the changed in Canadian history. Aunt Emily’s thought still has good value for the next generation to follow, never stop fighting for righteousness. I like her characters because from her I have learned to speak up to defense for my justice when I face racism.