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  1. #1
    Nathan Mckane is offline Member
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    Default Conjunction or adverb !

    Hello !
    One of the things about the grammer that gets me totally confused is the Diffrence between adverb and conjunction when it comes to determining part of speech of , e.g where or when in the followimg sentences .
    I've taken these sentences from the Oxford English Dictionary :

    Where as conjunction :

    This is where I live
    Thats where you are wrong


    Where as adverb :

    It's one of the few countries where people drive on the left .
    We then moved to paris , where we lived for six years
    .

    thanks

  2. #2
    TheParser is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Conjunction or adverb !

    Quote Originally Posted by Nathan Mckane View Post
    Hello !
    One of the things about the grammer that gets me totally confused is the Diffrence between adverb and conjunction when it comes to determining part of speech of , e.g where or when in the followimg sentences .
    I've taken these sentences from the Oxford English Dictionary :

    Where as conjunction :

    This is where I live
    Thats where you are wrong

    Where as adverb :

    It's one of the few countries where people drive on the left .
    We then moved to paris , where we lived for six years .

    thanks
    ********** NOT A TEACHER **********

    Hello, Mr. Mckane.

    (1) Please do not feel bad that this matter confuses you, for

    it also confuses the experts who write books and dictionaries.

    Of course, it really confuses me.

    (a) For example, you say that the most respected Oxford English

    Dictionary calls it a conjunction. Some

    other dictionaries and grammar books prefer to call where a


    so-called relative adverb.

    (i) relative adverb -- relative because it "relates" one part of the

    sentence to the other part; adverb because it serves as an adverb

    in the second part.

    (2) According to my books, your first two sentences are analyzed as:

    This / is (linking verb) / where I live (noun clause that serves as a

    subject complement). That is, it refers to the subject This. Your

    dictionary calls where a conjunction. Fine. It does connect the

    two parts, so I guess "conjunction" is OK. But where also serves as

    as an adverb modifying live. That's why some people prefer to

    call it a relative adverb. *** Same analysis for "That / is/ where you are

    wrong."

    *****

    I like your last two sentences because they are "easier." I think most

    books agree that this time where is, indeed, a relative adverb:

    ...countries where people drive on the left. As you can see, where clearly

    refers to countries. My favorite book says that where is just a substitute

    for in which: countries in which people drive on the left. *** Same

    analysis for ...to Paris, where [in which] we lived for six years. (Where

    modifies the verbs drive and lived.) (Where people drive on the left is an

    adjective clause modifying countries; Where we lived for six years is an

    adjective clause modifying Paris.)

    Thank you

    P. S. To make things even more confusing, some books say that your

    sentence This is where I live is just a short way to say this is the place

    where I live. In that case, where would be a relative adverb for sure.

    But without a place, it would --according to your dictionary -- be a

    conjunction. Fine.

    P.P.S. Maybe the best way to understand the difference between its use

    as a so-called conjunction and a relative adverb is to post one sentence

    with where and ask what part of speech it is in that particular sentence.

    I am sure that you will receive many interesting answers. Keep posting

    one sentence each day until you feel confident that you understand the

    difference.

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