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  1. #1
    Anonymous Guest

    Default second conditional and so on

    Dear teachers,
    Would you answer my questions?

    1) What is the possible meaning of "would" and "'d" in this sentence ? I think both "would" and "'d" here express (or "expresses" ?) future in the past. Is this thought right ? or is there anything more better ?

    ------------------------------------
    His hole would have to be as deep as his shovel, and he'd able to lay the shovel flat across the bottom in any direction.
    ------------------------------------

    2) Is the sentence coming after "warned that" in the following sentence the second conditional?

    She warned that if he failed to do this, he would be doomed for all of eternity.

    ==excerpt containing the above sentence==
    "I want you to carry me up the mountain. I want to drink from the stream, and want you to sing the song to me."
    He promised he would.
    She warned that if he failed to do this, he would be doomed for all of eternity.
    =========================================

    Thank you for your every help.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Sep 2003
    Posts
    12,971
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    Default 2nd conditional

    The second conditional is used to talk about things which might happen, but which haven't yet happened.

    CONTRACTIONS: 'Would' and 'had' are contracted to 'd; the way to distinguish them is simple because 'would' is always followed by a Base Form <base-form.html> and 'had', as an Auxiliary Verb <auxiliary-verb.html>, is followed by a Past Participle <past-participle.html>.
    http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary...nditional.html
    1) Both "would" and " 'd " here express future in the past.

    (If he was going to escape,) his hole would have to be as deep as his shovel, and he'd [have to be] able to lay the shovel flat across the bottom in any direction."

    Use the the past simple tense 'was going to escape' to talk about future condition.

    Use 'would' + base form ('have to be able to') to talk about future result.

    He hasn't escaped; He's only thinking about it. The condition is not realized; The condition hasn't happened yet: 2nd conditional.

    2) The sentence coming after 'warned that' in the following sentence is the 2nd conditional.

    "She warned that if he failed to do this, he would be doomed for all of eternity."

    'failed' is the condition and 'would be doomed' is the result. He hasn't 'failed', so he is not 'doomed for all eternity': 2nd conditional

    All the best,
    Casio :D

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