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  1. #1
    duiter is offline Member
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    Default absolute phrase ( or absolute clause )

    Hi all,

    Does the following sentence contain '' absolute phrase ( or absolute clause ) '' ?

    '' Julie crossed the finish line far ahead of the next runner, aware only that she'd broken her personal record, not that she'd broken a world record


    Is '' aware only that she'd broken her personal record, not that she'd broken a world record '' an absolute clause / phrase ?

    and Why ?

    Many thanks

  2. #2
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    Default Re: absolute phrase ( or absolute clause )

    An English sentence must contain a subject and a verb

    a clause contains a subject and a verb

    a phrase does not have to

  3. #3
    TheParser is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: absolute phrase ( or absolute clause )

    Quote Originally Posted by duiter View Post
    Hi all,

    Does the following sentence contain '' absolute phrase ( or absolute clause ) '' ?

    '' Julie crossed the finish line far ahead of the next runner, aware only that she'd broken her personal record, not that she'd broken a world record


    Is '' aware only that she'd broken her personal record, not that she'd broken a world record '' an absolute clause / phrase ?

    and Why ?

    Many thanks


    NOT A TEACHER



    (1) I think (think) that "aware that she had broken her personal record"

    is not considered by many books as an "absolute" construction (type of

    sentence).

    (a) I believe that "absolute" is usually applied to a noun + participle

    combination:

    The teacher (noun) + being sick (participial phrase), the class was

    canceled. As you can see, the absolute phrase has no GRAMMATICAL

    connection to the main sentence. Of course, it would sound strange to

    speak like this, so in conversation we would say:

    The class was canceled because the teacher was sick.

    (2) I think (think) that "aware that she had broken her personal

    record" may be classified as a so-called "verbless clause."

    (a) It does not have a verb. Thus: "verbless."

    (b) It can be analyzed as "[She was] aware that she had broken her

    personal record." Thus: "clause."

    (c) I believe that some people would say that the missing verb is a form

    of "be." Thus, your sentence might be analyzed as an ellipsis (missing

    words) of a participial phrase:

    Julie crossed the finish line, [being] aware that ....

    or

    [Being] aware that ..., Julie crossed the finish line. It shows

    rather clearly that the participial phrase modifies the subject

    ("Julie").

  4. #4
    Pedroski is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: absolute phrase ( or absolute clause )

    Is 'Come here!' a sentence?

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