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  1. #1
    nado92 is offline Member
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    visiting not visitting

    Peace be upon you

    why do we double(t) in hit to be ( hitting) but we don't double it in visit(visiting)?

    I hope my question is clear

  2. #2
    billmcd is offline Key Member
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    Re: visiting not visitting

    Quote Originally Posted by nado92 View Post
    Peace be upon you

    why do we double(t) in hit to be ( hitting) but we don't double it in visit(visiting)?

    I hope my question is clear
    Good question.
    Found this at grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/spelling.
    "Double the final consonant before adding an ending that begins with a vowel (i.e. "ed" or "ing")when the last syllable of the word is accented and that syllable ends in a single vowel followed by a single consonant." The first syllable of "visit" is accented and therefore according to the rule the "t" is not doubled.

  3. #3
    5jj's Avatar
    5jj is offline VIP Member
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    Re: visiting not visitting

    billmcd has give a good rule that covers most cases. A fuller overview of the whole sysyem of adding -ing follows, with the sections relevant to doubling printed in green:

    -ing is added to the first form: playing, working, understanding,
    Most verbs ending in single mute -e drop the final e before ing, though if word-final e is preceded by y, -o or ng, or if the verb ends in ee, the e is retained:hiring, becoming, reclining but: dyeing, toeing, whingeing, freeing
    Polysyllabic verbs ending in ge generally drop the e; impinging, infringing
    Retention of the e in AGE is optional: aging or ageing
    Verbs ending in ie change this to y before ing: tying, dying
    Verbs ending in a single consonant letter (except w, x , -c and -l ) following a single vowel letter in a stressed syllable double that final consonant before adding the ing: robbing, knitting, referring but revealing, rowing, boxing.
    Verbs ending in c add -k rather than doubling the c. This occurs even when the final syllable is unstressed.: picnicking, panicking.
    In BrE, word-final l is always doubled after a short vowel sound, even in unstressed syllables: repelling, levelling, travelling, cancelling
    In verbs with a final unstressed syllable ending in s,some writers double the final s of the first form before adding the e; this is optional: biasing or biassing, focusing or focussing
    There is no doubling when the final syllable is unstressed (except for verbs ending in -c and -l): happening, bothering, visiting
    However, a small number of verbs double the final consonant in BrE even if the final syllable is unstressed. This may be because the final syllable exists as a single-syllable (hence stressed) verb, even if the polysyllabic verb is not actually a compound: programming, handicapping, hiccupping, kidnapping, worshipping.

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