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  1. #1
    Abuk is offline Newbie
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    Question Object or Complement or Both?

    Can a sentence element be an object and a complement at the same time

    • She gave me a false name as well.
    • She sent him the fax.

    Thank you in advance.

  2. #2
    corum is offline Banned
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    Default Re: Object or Complement or Both?

    Quote Originally Posted by Abuk View Post
    Can a sentence element be an object and a complement at the same time

    • She gave me a false name as well.
    • She sent him the fax.

    Thank you in advance.
    The parts in bold are direct objects, but not complements, at least they are not according to the Quirkian taxonomy.

  3. #3
    Abuk is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Object or Complement or Both?

    Quote Originally Posted by corum View Post
    The parts in bold are direct objects, but not complements, at least they are not according to the Quirkian taxonomy.
    My college teacher gave the first example as a complement. The second one is from this site as an object complement:

    http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary/complement.html

  4. #4
    corum is offline Banned
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    Default Re: Object or Complement or Both?

    In 'She sent him the fax.', 'the fax' is clearly not an object complement. If it were, there would have to be an object other than 'the fax'. Sent what? The fax. Object. There is no other object than 'the fax'; consequently, 'the fax' can't be an object complement.
    To whom? 'She sent the fax to him' or 'She sent him the fax'. '(H)im' is the indirect object, 'to him' is a prepositional object. It is as obvious as the nose on your face.

    Quote Originally Posted by Abuk View Post
    My college teacher gave the first example as a complement.
    Complement to the verb in the sense it completes the meaning of the the verb, but no object complement.

    Quote Originally Posted by Abuk View Post
    Can a sentence element be an object and a complement at the same time
    Yes.
    Last edited by corum; 19-Oct-2010 at 21:23.

  5. #5
    TheParser is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Object or Complement or Both?

    Quote Originally Posted by Abuk View Post
    Can a sentence element be an object and a complement at the same time

    • She gave me a false name as well.
    • She sent him the fax.
    Thank you in advance.

    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    (1) You asked an excellent question.

    (2) It is often difficult to know the difference.

    (3) I think that a complement usually refers to the subject:

    She is intelligent. ("Intelligent" refers to "she.")

    It is hot. ("Hot" refers to "it.")

    The cake tastes sweet. ("Sweet" refers to "the cake.")

    (4) An object does not refer to the subject.

    She gave a false name to me. ("A false name" is what

    she gave to me. We call "a false name" the object of

    "gave.")

    She sent the fax to him. What did she send? The fax (the object).

    *****


    Please identify the words in bold (black) type as an complement or

    object:

    (1) I love English.

    (2) English is difficult.

    (3) Mrs. X is the president of my country.

    (4) Last night I ate fish.

    (5) I saw a good movie.

    ***** Answers:

    (1) object (2) complement (3) complement (4) object (5) object.

    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****

  6. #6
    Abuk is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Object or Complement or Both?

    Quote Originally Posted by TheParser View Post
    ***** Answers:

    (1) object (2) complement (3) complement (4) object (5) object.
    Thank you, same as my answers, but this example really confused me:


    • "She sent him the fax." (here)

    I assume it's an object and an object complement at the same or there is a mistake there.

  7. #7
    corum is offline Banned
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    Default Re: Object or Complement or Both?

    Quote Originally Posted by Abuk View Post
    I assume it's an object and an object complement at the same or there is a mistake there.
    Mistake.

  8. #8
    TheParser is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Object or Complement or Both?

    Quote Originally Posted by Abuk View Post
    Thank you, same as my answers, but this example really confused me:


    • "She sent him the fax." (here)
    I assume it's an object and an object complement at the same or there is a mistake there.



    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****

    (1) Thank you for the link.

    (2) I can understand your confusion.

    (3) It all depends on the word "complement" (which comes from the word

    "complete").

    (4) I would not say that the link was a "mistake." It just decided to

    use the term "object complement" instead of only "object." I

    respectfully suggest that you just use the term "object."

    (5) She sent him a fax is the shorter way of saying:

    She / sent / a fax / to him.

    Most books would call "a fax" the direct object. They would call


    "him" the object of the preposition "to."

    But in She sent him a fax, most books call "him" an

    indirect object. (Of course, she did not send him. She sent a fax.)

    This can sometimes be humorous:

    She cooked him dinner. Some learners ask:

    Did she cook him?

    Of course, it means She cooked dinner for him.

    The matter of complements is very difficult, and even the experts

    who write books do not always agree. Whenever you have a

    question, just post it here.

    At this site there are many people, such as Corum, who understand

    grammar very well. They will be very happy to help you.

    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****

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