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  1. #11
    Raymott's Avatar
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    Re: consonant clusters

    Here are the consonant clusters in the Bible(KJV) with frequencies.
    Printout from the improved ConClusters.py; computation time – 2 mins.
    It reads from a text file and prints to screen or file.
    -------------------------------------------------
    List of Consonant Clusters

    6-letter custers:

    5-letter custers:

    rstfr:34, ffspr:13, tchcr:7, ngstr:7, llspr:2,

    4-letter custers:

    ngth:409, nsgr:179, nstr:144, rstb:118, ghts:104, ghtn:72, lchr:70, rthr:63, nths:59, thst:57, ckcl:47, ghtw:42, ghth:41, phth:35, stfr:34, rthw:34, rstf:34, tchm:31, stpl:31, nksg:31, ghtl:28, thdr:26, lfth:23, rstl:20, rthq:19, ngpl:19, ngfl:19, pths:17, cksl:17, ngst:14, ngbl:14, fspr:13, ffsp:13, llst:11, ftsm:9, tchc:7, gstr:7, chcr:7, rthl:6, ldsm:6, rscr:5, rdsh:5, bscr:5, rstr:4, rspr:4, tstr:3, thph:3, tcht:3, rthd:3, ndbr:3, nchr:3, chsh:3, tchf:2, stch:2, shch:2, rnfl:2, rlds:2, rldl:2, rchs:2, ngtr:2, ndsh:2, lspr:2, llsp:2, llpl:2, ffsc:2, chth:2, wncl:1, wkth:1, thch:1, rchm:1, phph:1, nthl:1, ntbr:1, nscr:1, nggl:1, ndwr:1, ndst:1, nctl:1, lmsd:1, lkst:1, ckcr:1, chst:1,

    3-letter custers:

    ght:6034, rth:2605, ngs:2403, str:2398, thr:2236, nst:1955, ldr:1838, nts:1585, sts:1090, rst:1028, rds:931, nds:882, ndr:714, nsw:690, nth:666, ttl:645, dst:620, tch:498, ndm:469, ngr:464, rch:454, dgm:431, ngt:413, gth:413, ngd:400, ntr:371, rnt:368, mpl:343, mbl:331, ncl:309, rld:301, ths:294, nct:291, rsh:289, spr:279, cks:271, rks:256, phr:255, rts:247, scr:238, stl:217, ndl:206, nch:192, lls:183, ffl:181, sgr:180, nsg:179, mpt:178, ngl:172, ppr:166, rkn:165, ntl:160, ncr:160, ghb:159, rbs:143, chr:142, thf:132, rns:130, lds:130, shm:126, nks:125, stb:118, lch:118, lth:108, hts:104, pht:97, dth:96, mbs:95, ckl:95, ppl:92, nsl:92, mbr:91, ndn:89, fth:88, sch:86, wls:85, rpr:84, hth:78, sth:77, fts:76, cts:73, htn:72, nkl:69, stw:67, ddl:64, ckn:64, rdl:63, shb:62, ctr:60, bst:60, thw:59, sph:59, rpl:59, hst:58, wns:55, ntm:54, gns:54, chm:49, xth:48, ckc:48, kcl:47, sht:46, rtl:46, rms:45, mps:44, htw:42, rsc:41, nsc:41, nsp:38, rfl:37, spl:36, tpl:35, tfr:34, stf:34, lst:33, lms:33, rkm:32, stp:31, ksg:31, chs:31, thh:30, pth:30, ngk:30, thd:29, rlw:29, htl:28, shd:26, ngf:26, ndf:26, hdr:26, ghw:26, ghs:26, ghl:26, rps:25, mph:25, thl:24, pts:24, nsm:24, bbl:24, tst:23, ssh:23, shn:23, rtr:23, lft:23, wsh:22, rrh:22, ldl:22, ngp:21, ldn:20, thq:19, gpl:19, gfl:19, ckw:19, wbr:18, wdn:17, shl:17, lph:17, ksl:17, ffs:17, bsh:17, ptr:16, ngb:15, mst:15, lfs:15, xpr:14, thn:14, pph:14, nfl:14, lps:14, gst:14, gbl:14, tth:13, rph:13, fsp:13, rdn:12, nsf:12, ndw:12, ltl:12, hsh:12, ftl:12, shk:11, nkn:11, ngh:11, lts:11, lsh:11, ffr:11, ctl:11, cht:11, tsm:10, rsq:10, npr:10, msh:10, bsc:10, ssl:9, rwh:9, rmw:9, rls:9, rdm:9, mpr:9, ffn:9, ckb:9, chb:9, shr:8, shh:8, shc:8, phn:8, nsh:8, dsh:8, xch:7, nkf:7, hcr:7, ghn:7, ggs:7, chc:7, btl:7, wnw:6, skm:6, shp:6, rsp:6, rnm:6, rnf:6, phl:6, nfr:6, llb:6, lks:6, lgr:6, dsm:6, dch:6, chp:6, tsh:5, rtn:5, rbl:5, chl:5, cch:5, bts:5, xtr:4, thm:4, stm:4, ssw:4, sps:4, rml:4, phs:4, pbr:4, ksh:4, hph:4, chz:4, chf:4, zzl:3, wpr:3, thp:3, thc:3, rtf:3, rdr:3, psh:3, phk:3, nkh:3, ndb:3, nbl:3, llf:3, lfw:3, kth:3, hch:3, ghm:3, ftt:3, ffd:3, dbr:3, ckk:3, btf:3, xsc:2, xpl:2, xcl:2, wth:2, ttr:2, tfl:2, stn:2, stc:2, sks:2, scl:2, rsm:2, rpn:2, rnn:2, rmh:2, rkl:2, rct:2, pwr:2, ptl:2, phz:2, phm:2, ntn:2, nsk:2, npl:2, ngn:2, msp:2, mns:2, mnl:2, lsp:2, lpl:2, llp:2, ldh:2, gtr:2, ggl:2, fsc:2, ckt:2, ccl:2, zth:1, wnh:1, wnc:1, wkt:1, wdl:1, vsh:1, tsk:1, thj:1, thb:1, tbr:1, ssf:1, sms:1, shv:1, shg:1, rtg:1, rsw:1, rkf:1, rfr:1, rdh:1, rdb:1, rcl:1, ptn:1, psk:1, php:1, ntb:1, nsn:1, nkw:1, ngw:1, ngg:1, ndk:1, msd:1, ltp:1, ltn:1, llm:1, lfr:1, lfc:1, ldb:1, kst:1, kcr:1, ffh:1, dwr:1, dds:1, ctn:1, chn:1, btr:1,

    2-letter custers:

    th:155741, nd:64964, ll:26006, nt:23126, ng:20898, st:19747, sh:19449, ch:12629, wh:11902, ld:8722, ns:8119, gh:7941, rs:7668, rd:7649, ss:7098, rt:6810, ht:6189, pr:6003, tr:5641, br:5059, pl:5005, rn:4748, ts:4679, fr:4596, nc:4261, dr:3895, lt:3823, sp:3662, ls:3281, hr:3272, ds:3257, gr:3119, bl:3002, ff:2770, tt:2716, sr:2619, gs:2512, ft:2506, wn:2341, ph:2300, pt:2295, ck:2286, cr:1941, kn:1917, rv:1895, cl:1877, tw:1872, mm:1636, rk:1631, sw:1620, fl:1575, mb:1562, ms:1547, sc:1519, mp:1448, rr:1430, lv:1422, ct:1348, rc:1339, lf:1339, tl:1297, rm:1217, dg:1179, nn:1175, cc:1161, pp:1116, sl:1115, gl:984, rl:961, wr:949, nk:949, sm:790, ks:768, dw:750, gn:715, rg:681, lk:632, nh:614, ws:606, dl:566, nl:540, dn:538, bs:531, dm:529, tc:520, sk:483, sn:481, rp:472, ps:445, gm:440, gd:422, gt:417, wl:410, dd:394, bb:371, hs:370, tn:360, nf:351, rb:350, lm:347, rf:317, mn:293, xc:288, sd:245, lp:235, hb:235, zz:229, sg:229, nj:226, xt:213, hm:197, hn:195, kl:187, sb:178, rw:171, nv:157, dv:147, mc:146, mf:144, lc:142, hf:136, zr:135, bt:125, lw:124, tb:123, tf:122, nq:119, gg:109, bn:109, hl:108, dt:98, mr:89, wb:88, ln:87, tm:86, hw:85, xp:81, sf:79, nw:79, lg:72, df:72, pw:65, wf:63, hd:60, nr:58, bd:56, rh:52, zp:51, fs:51, bh:50, kc:48, nb:43, kk:41, bj:41, rj:40, km:39, lr:38, hh:38, xh:36, tp:36, rz:33, wd:32, gk:30, lb:29, kr:28, nm:27, ml:26, gf:26, sq:25, np:24, lh:24, hp:24, gp:22, bm:21, kw:20, hq:19, hc:18, gb:18, cq:18, hz:17, kb:16, rx:15, lz:14, hk:14, zm:12, kt:12, zh:11, mw:10, fn:10, tg:9, mh:9, db:9, cs:9, bz:9, zn:8, kf:8, wg:7, pm:7, pb:7, dj:7, zl:6, zb:6, wk:6, kh:6, gv:6, dh:6, dc:6, wm:5, bv:5, zk:4, zg:4, pn:4, pf:4, mz:4, wp:3, pk:3, pc:3, mt:3, mg:3, kv:3, fw:3, fd:3, dk:3, xs:2, xl:2, wt:2, nz:2, hg:2, zt:1, zj:1, ww:1, wc:1, vs:1, tk:1, qw:1, md:1, kd:1, hv:1, hj:1, gw:1, fh:1, fc:1,

    >>>
    Last edited by Raymott; 28-Oct-2010 at 13:47.

  2. #12
    birdeen's call is offline VIP Member
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    Re: consonant clusters

    I'm trying to understand how the cluster count works but can't. I don't see it in the code... Is the improved version much different from what you have alraedy posted?

  3. #13
    Raymott's Avatar
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    Re: consonant clusters

    Quote Originally Posted by birdeen's call View Post
    I'm trying to understand how the cluster count works but can't. I don't see it in the code... Is the improved version much different from what you have alraedy posted?
    That's just the printout. I'll post the code in the next post below.
    Yes, there are two main changes I made.
    The first was to count the instances. The first time the program encounters a new cluster, it goes over the whole text and counts the instances, and saves a duple (cluster, count), instead of just the cluster.
    The second change, which improved the efficiency to a realistic level was having the successive searches only look at the instances of the previous search: So, the search for 3-letter clusters doesn't start again looking at the whole text; it only searches for clusters with a root already occurring in the 2-letter search (which is rather obvious, but I didn't think of it straight away!)

    If I stay interested in Text Processing coding, I might put a page up somewhere with some useful tools on it.

  4. #14
    Raymott's Avatar
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    Re: consonant clusters

    Hmm, to see the tabs, download the .txt file
    It won't run without the tabs, and the '.txt' has to replaces by '.py'
    ################################################## ##############
    # Searches a file for consonant clusters
    # Prints clusters with frequency,
    # Sorted by cluster length, then frequency, then alphabetical
    # Raymott 28/10/2010
    ################################################## ##############
    import operator #for sort
    conList,clist,c1list,dlist,d1list = [],[],[],[],[]
    elist,e1list,flist,f1list, glist, g1list = [],[],[],[],[],[] #start with empty lists of clusters
    cluster = "" # empty cluster
    letters = "bcdfghjklmnpqrstvwxz" #consonants
    #Open file, read it to a list, close file
    # Note: Change title in line below.
    dictionary = open('hamlet.txt', 'r+') #File to be read
    wordList = dictionary.read()
    dictionary.close()
    ########Get 2-letter clusters
    for first in letters:
    for second in letters:
    cluster = first + second
    if cluster in wordList:
    counter = wordList.count(cluster)
    if cluster not in conList:
    clist.append([cluster, counter])
    c1list.append(cluster) #hold clusters 3-letter search

    #sort the list by frequency, descending
    clist.sort(key=operator.itemgetter(1))
    clist.reverse()
    #######Get 3-letter clusters
    for first in letters:
    for second in c1list: #search only with the 2-letter clusters
    cluster = first + second
    if cluster in wordList:
    counter = wordList.count(cluster)
    if cluster not in dlist:
    dlist.append([cluster, counter])
    d1list.append(cluster) #hold for 4-lett search
    #sort the list by frequency, descending
    dlist.sort(key=operator.itemgetter(1))
    dlist.reverse()
    ########Get 4-letter clusters
    for first in letters:
    for second in d1list: #search only with the 3-letter clusters
    cluster = first + second
    if cluster in wordList:
    counter = wordList.count(cluster)
    if cluster not in elist:
    elist.append([cluster, counter])
    e1list.append(cluster)

    #sort the list by frequency, descending
    elist.sort(key=operator.itemgetter(1))
    elist.reverse()
    ########Get 5-letter clusters
    for first in letters:
    for second in e1list: #search only with the 3-letter clusters
    cluster = first + second
    if cluster in wordList:
    counter = wordList.count(cluster)
    if cluster not in flist:
    flist.append([cluster, counter])
    f1list.append(cluster)
    #sort the list by frequency, descending
    flist.sort(key=operator.itemgetter(1))
    flist.reverse()

    ########Get 6-letter clusters
    for first in letters:
    for second in f1list: #search only with the 3-letter clusters
    cluster = first + second
    if cluster in wordList:
    counter = wordList.count(cluster)
    if cluster not in glist:
    glist.append([cluster, counter])
    g1list.append(cluster)

    #sort the list by frequency, descending
    glist.sort(key=operator.itemgetter(1))
    glist.reverse()
    #Print the lists
    print "List of Consonant Clusters\n"
    print "6-letter custers:\n"
    for item in glist:
    print item[0] + ":" + str(item[1]) + ", ",
    print '\n'
    print "5-letter custers:\n"
    for item in flist:
    print item[0] + ":" + str(item[1]) + ", ",
    print '\n'
    print "4-letter custers:\n"
    for item in elist:
    print item[0] + ":" + str(item[1]) + ", ",
    print '\n'
    print "3-letter custers:\n"
    for item in dlist:
    print item[0] + ":" + str(item[1]) + ", ",
    print '\n'
    print "2-letter custers:\n"
    for item in clist:
    print item[0] + ":" + str(item[1]) + ", ",
    #########
    Attached Files Attached Files

  5. #15
    crazYgeeK is offline Member
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    Re: consonant clusters

    Hi Raymott, can you program with C# or Java or C++ ?
    I only know Python is a server scripting language like PHP. It's so good if you know C# because I'm learning C# and needing someone to discuss with and help me sorting out some problems.
    I don't understand why we have to classify consonants into clusters ? How does it help English learners ?
    Please tell me how useful it is to understand it.
    Thank you so much !

  6. #16
    Raymott's Avatar
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    Re: consonant clusters

    Quote Originally Posted by crazYgeeK View Post
    Hi Raymott, can you program with C# or Java or C++ ?
    I only know Python as [?] a server scripting language like PHP.
    Python is a fully featured language. Yes, it's often used as a scripting language. I learnt Java and C for a few semesters, but I don't work in the industry, so I don't need them. I looked at a lot of languages before deciding on one to learn properly, and I decided on Python. Java is excellent if it's important that your code doesn't make airplanes fall out of the sky - it's safe. But that safety comes at a huge cost in difficulty and pure tedium.
    It's so good if you know C# because I'm learning C# and needing someone to discuss with and help me sorting out some problems.
    I've never tried C#, sorry. Maybe you should try a C# forum? I'm sure they exist.
    I don't understand why we have to classify consonants into clusters ? How does it help English learners ?
    Please tell me how useful it is to understand it.
    Thank you so much !
    One doesn't have to classify consonant clusters. But the OP asked about it. It gave me an idea, and I coded it. It's interesting, but not important.
    Well, it could help English learners to know about the apparent frequency of clusters; to know if being able to pronounce them is necessary. For example, we don't have a cluster 'kxsh', but 'str' is very common.

  7. #17
    crazYgeeK is offline Member
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    Re: consonant clusters

    Thank you, I'll try Python after mastering almost of C# language. I think why don't you try learning C#, it's so great, powerful, if you are good at Python, you'll need only a month or less than to get at basic level of C# programming.
    Programming is the main reason I have to learn English to understand English IT e-books, there are not many Vietnamese IT e-books for me.
    Thank you for sharing!

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